PLoS One [Accessed 25 June 2016]

PLoS One
http://www.plosone.org/
[Accessed 25 June 2016]
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Research Article
Use of Seasonal Influenza Vaccination and Its Associated Factors among Elderly People with Disabilities in Taiwan: A Population-Based Study
Yu-Chia Chang, Ho-Jui Tung, Shang-Wei Hsu, Lei-Shin Chen, Pei-Tseng Kung, Kuang-Hua Huang, Shang-Jyh Chiou, Wen-Chen Tsai
| published 23 Jun 2016 | PLOS ONE
http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0158075
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Cost-Effectiveness of Increasing Influenza Vaccination Coverage in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes in Turkey
Levent Akın, Bérengère Macabéo, Zafer Caliskan, Serdar Altinel, Ilhan Satman
Research Article | published 20 Jun 2016 | PLOS ONE
http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0157657

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Science – 24 June 2016 Vol 352, Issue 6293

Science
24 June 2016 Vol 352, Issue 6293
http://www.sciencemag.org/current.dtl

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Policy Forum
Capitalizing on convergence for health care
By Phillip Sharp, Tyler Jacks, Susan Hockfield
Science24 Jun 2016 : 1522-1523
Summary
For decades, scientists have called for more collaboration between the life and physical sciences, and in the past 5 years, we have been among those calling for a new national research strategy—one we call “convergence”—that would integrate engineering, physical, computational, and mathematical sciences with biomedical science (1). Thanks to the accelerating pace of biological discovery, the expanding power of computation, and a new focus in engineering on biocompatible materials and nanotechnology, the potential of such a strategy for advances in health care is greater than ever (see the photo). Technologies emerging from such efforts have potential implications far beyond health care: creating jobs; speeding products to market; and improving everything from agriculture and the environment to defense, the economy, and energy production. It all adds up to a moment of unprecedented opportunity, if we choose to invest in it meaningfully. But so far we have not. We detail below, and in greater depth in a new report with colleagues from across the country (2), the stakes in the convergence revolution and what we should do to capitalize on it.

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Review
Childhood undernutrition, the gut microbiota, and microbiota-directed therapeutics
By Laura V. Blanton, Michael J. Barratt, Mark R. Charbonneau, Tahmeed Ahmed, Jeffrey I. Gordon
Science24 Jun 2016 : 1533
Editor’s Summary
Gut microbiota and undernutrition
Poor nutrition during the early years of life can have severe consequences for subsequent skeletal, immunological, and intellectual development. Blanton et al. review the evidence showing that undernutrition is not caused by food insecurity alone. Other factors range from the length of the breastfeeding period and the availability of milk oligosaccharides, enteropathogen exposure, and enteric dysfunction marked by villus atrophy and loss of gut barrier function. Unfortunately, nutritional restoration with or without antibiotic treatment may not be effective in the longer term. Differences in the succession of microbial establishment and maturity can explain much of family discordances in nutritional status. The evidence indicates that microbiota-directed therapeutics could be a promising route to nutritional restoration in these children

TORTURE Journal – Volume 26, Nr. 2, 2016

TORTURE Journal
Volume 26, Nr. 2, 2016
http://www.irct.org/Default.aspx?ID=5768
Scientific Articles
Creating community life among immigrant survivors of torture and their allies
Nancy Bothne, Christopher B. Keys

Measuring change and changing measures: The development of a torture survivor specific measure of change
Rebecca Horn, Andy Keefe

Prevalence of torture and other war-related traumatic events in forced migrants: A systematic review
Erika Sigvardsdotter, Marjan Veaz, Ann-Marie Rydholm Hedman, Fredrik Saboonchi

Torture survivors’ symptom load compared to chronic pain and psychiatric in-patients
Uwe Harlacher, Linda Nordin, Peter Polatin

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Statement
Statement on Anal Examinations in Cases of Alleged Homosexuality
Independent Forensic Expert Group

From Google Scholar + [to 25 June 2016]

From Google Scholar & other sources: Selected Journal Articles, Newsletters, Dissertations, Theses, Commentary

International Journal of Research & Method in Education
Published online: 20 Jun 2016
Original Article
Respecting and fulfilling the right of post-primary pupils to consent to participate in trials and evaluative research: a discussion paper
DOI:
10.1080/1743727X.2016.1200028
Lisa K. Maguireab*, Bronagh Byrnec & Susan Kehoed
ABSTRACT
This paper provides an introduction to issues surrounding the participation rights of young people in research and the implications of their growing involvement in research as well as providing a discourse on the ethical implications related to consent. The unique contribution of this paper is that it considers children’s rights in respect to the increasing opportunities for young people to take part in evaluation research. The aim of this paper, therefore, is to acknowledge the growing involvement for young people in research and the implications of ensuring that their rights of participation are respected. Secondly, we will consider the children’s rights legislation and our obligations as researchers to implement this. Finally, we will explore consent as an issue in its own right as well as the practicalities of accessing participants. This paper will postulate that any research about young people should involve and prioritize at all stages of the research process; including participation in decision-making. We conclude by identifying five key principles, which we believe can help to facilitate the fulfilment of post-primary pupils’ ability to consent to participate in trials and evaluative research.

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Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities
Early View (Online Version of Record published before inclusion in an issue)
Original Article
A Comparison of Two Methods for Recruiting Children with an Intellectual Disability
Dawn Adams1,*, Louise Handley1,2, Mary Heald1, Doug Simkiss3, Alison Jones1,
Emily Walls1 and Chris Oliver1
Version of Record online: 21 JUN 2016
Abstract
Background
Recruitment is a widely cited barrier of representative intellectual disability research, yet it is rarely studied. This study aims to document the rates of recruiting children with intellectual disabilities using two methods and discuss the impact of such methods on sample characteristics.
Methods
Questionnaire completion rates are compared between (i) participants being approached in child development centre waiting rooms and (ii), one year later, the same participants being invited to take part by phone, email and/or post.
Results
The face-to-face recruitment method resulted in a better recruitment rate (58.5% compared to 18.5%) and a larger sample (n = 438) than the telephone/email/post sample (n = 40). It also required less hours of researcher time per completed questionnaire.
Conclusions
In-line with previous research, recruitment of participants with intellectual disabilities (or their parents/carers) requires significant time and resources to get a sample of an acceptable size

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Australasian Journal on Ageing
Volume 35, Issue 2, pages 90–97, June 2016
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ajag.2016.35.issue-2/issuetoc
Review Articles
What keeps you strong? A systematic review identifying how primary health‐care and aged‐care services can support the well‐being of older Indigenous peoples
Carol Davy1,*, Elaine Kite1, Graham Aitken2, Garth Dodd3, Janice Rigney3, Jenny Hayes4 and
Jan Van Emden5
Abstract
Aim
The objective of this systematic review was to identify primary health-care or aged-care strategies that have or could support the well-being of older Indigenous peoples.
Methods
A search was undertaken of primary databases including Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature. Papers which reported on the perspectives of older Indigenous peoples, community members and provider participants were included. Findings were pooled using a meta-aggregative approach.
Results
Three high-level synthesised findings – maintaining Indigenous identity, promoting independence and delivering culturally safe care – were believed to be important for supporting the well-being of older Indigenous peoples.
Conclusions
As physical independence often diminishes with age, having the support of culturally safe primary health-care and aged-care services that understand the importance of maintaining an Indigenous identity and promoting independence will be crucial for the well-being of older Indigenous peoples.

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Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics
April 2016; 11 (2)
http://jre.sagepub.com/content/11/2.toc
Informed Consent—Uninformed Participants Shortcomings of Online Social Science Consent Forms and Recommendations for Improvement
EK Perrault, SA Nazione – Research …, 2016
June 21, 2016 1556264616654610
Abstract
As informed consent forms continue to lengthen, are these lengthening forms helping to create better informed participants? The aim of this research was to determine whether the length of consent forms affected reading frequency and comprehension, and to provide recommendations on how to improve consent forms in the social sciences so they are more likely to be read. A quasi-experiment was conducted using actual consent forms at two liberal arts schools, one requiring a long form (463 words, n = 73) and one requiring a shorter form (236 words, n = 57). Participants exposed to the shorter form reported fully reading, or at least skimming the form more frequently than those exposed to the longer form. Those exposed to the shorter form also comprehended more of the form’s information. The majority of participants indicated consent forms need to be shortened if researchers want future participants to be more likely to read these forms’ contents. Additional recommendations are discussed.

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World Medical & Health Policy
Volume 8, Issue 2, pages 197–200, June 2016
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/wmh3.v8.2/issuetoc
Commentary
The Rapidly Increasing Number of Emergency Global Food Crises and the Implications for the International Community
Allan Jury –
. Abstract. The following text served as the basis of remarks delivered at the Second Annual Summit on Global Food Security and Health at the School of Policy, Government and International Affairs at George Mason University on October 15, 2015.

The Sentinel

Human Rights Action :: Humanitarian Response :: Health :: Education :: Heritage Stewardship ::
Sustainable Development
__________________________________________________
Week ending 18 June 2016

This weekly digest is intended to aggregate and distill key content from a broad spectrum of practice domains and organization types including key agencies/IGOs, NGOs, governments, academic and research institutions, consortia and collaborations, foundations, and commercial organizations. We also monitor a spectrum of peer-reviewed journals and general media channels. The Sentinel’s geographic scope is global/regional but selected country-level content is included. We recognize that this spectrum/scope yields an indicative and not an exhaustive product. Comments and suggestions should be directed to:

David R. Curry
Editor &
Founding Managing Director
GE2P2 – Center for Governance, Evidence, Ethics, Policy, Practice
david.r.curry@ge2p2center.net

pdf version: The Sentinel_ week ending 18 June 2016

Hate is being mainstreamed – global update by the High Commissioner

Hate is being mainstreamed – global update by the High Commissioner
In a wide-ranging update to the Human Rights Council [at its current meeting] the High Commissioner detailed concerns in more than 50 countries and situations, and outlined ways the Office can assist.

[Initial text of speech]
When the Inter-American Commission announces it has to cut its personnel by forty percent – and when States have already withdrawn from it and the Inter-American Court;

When States Parties have threatened to withdraw from the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court – and, even more recently, others threaten to leave the United Nations, or the European Court of Human Rights and the European Union;

When those calling for departure have seemingly already fled in their minds from the urge to protect the world from the untold sorrow and miseries which twice swept it, and brought about the creation of many of these very institutions;

When filthy abuse by politicians of the vulnerable is tolerated; when the laws – human rights law, refugee law, international humanitarian law – are increasingly violated, and when hospitals are bombed – but no one is punished;

When human rights, the two words, are so rarely found in the world of finance and business, in its literature, in its lexicon – why? Because it is shameful to mention them?

When working for the collective benefit of all people, everywhere is apparently losing its ardour, and features only in empty proclamations swelling with unjustified self-importance and selfishness –

Then do we really still have an international community? When the threads forming it are being tugged away and the tapestry, our world, is unravelling? Or are there only fragmented communities of competing interests – strategic and commercial – operating behind a screen of feigned allegiance to laws and institutions?…

Mr President,
As I speak before this 32nd session of the Human Rights Council, at which all of the 193 Member States of the United Nations are represented, the international community’s familiar customs and procedures are much in evidence.

And yet the workable space in which we function as one community – resolving disputes, coming to consensus – is under attack. The common sets of laws, the institutions – and deeper still, the values – which bind us together are buckling. And suffering most from this onslaught are our fellow human beings – your people – who bear the brunt of the resulting deprivation, misery, injustice, and bloodshed.

I, and many others, seek your support.

Hate is becoming mainstreamed. Walls – which tormented previous generations, and have never yielded any sustainable solution to any problem – are returning. Barriers of suspicion are rising, snaking through and between our societies – and they are killers. Clampdowns on public freedoms, and crackdowns on civil society activists and human rights defenders, are hacking away at the forces which uphold the healthy functioning of societies. Judicial institutions which act as checks on executive power are being dismantled. Towering inequalities are hollowing out the sense that there are common goods.

These trends bleed nations of their innate resilience. They do not make them safe: they make them weaker. Piece by piece, these mutually reinforcing trends are shearing off the protections that maintain respect, enable development, and provide the only fragile basis for world peace. They are attacks on sanity. And they can be reversed…

Secretary-General Urges States to Stand by Victims of Torture, Support United Nations Fund, in Message for International Observance

Secretary-General Urges States to Stand by Victims of Torture, Support United Nations Fund, in Message for International Observance
17 June 2016
SG/SM/17863-HR/5315-OBV/1629
Press Release
Following is UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s message on the International Day in Support of Victims of Torture, observed on 26 June:

Around the world, in every region, men, women and children are still being tortured by non-State actors and under direct State policy. Despite its absolute prohibition under international law, this dehumanizing practice remains pervasive, and most disturbingly, is even gaining acceptance.

The law is crystal clear: torture can never be used at any time or under any circumstances, including during conflict or when national security is under threat. On this International Day in Support of Victims of Torture, we express our solidarity with and support for the hundreds of thousands of victims of torture and their family members throughout the world.

The Convention against Torture, ratified to date by 159 United Nations State Parties, stipulates that States have to ensure that a victim of torture under their jurisdiction obtains redress, including the means for as full rehabilitation as is possible. When States neglect their obligation to prevent torture, and fail to provide torture victims with effective and prompt redress, compensation and appropriate forms of rehabilitation, the United Nations Voluntary Fund for Victims of Torture is a lifeline of last resort. Established by the United Nations General Assembly 35 years ago, the Fund supports hundreds of organizations that provide legal, social, psychological and medical assistance to some 50,000 victims every year.

The Fund requires a minimum of $12 million in annual voluntary contributions. I strongly urge States to stand by victims by supporting this United Nations Fund and to remain fully engaged in the fight against torture and impunity. Assisting victims of torture and stopping this crime will benefit whole societies and help provide a future of safety and dignity for all.

Joint Statement on the International Day for the Elimination of Sexual Violence in Conflict

Joint Statement on the International Day for the Elimination of Sexual Violence in Conflict
European Commission – Statement
Brussels, 19 June 2016

On the occasion of the International Day for the Elimination of Sexual Violence in Conflict, Federica Mogherini, High Representative/ Vice-President, Johannes Hahn, Commissioner for European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations, Neven Mimica, Commissioner for International Cooperation and Development, Christos Stylianides, Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management, and Vera Jourova, Commissioner for Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality, made the following statement:

“On this first International Day for the Elimination of Sexual Violence in Conflict, the European Union reaffirms its strongest support for zero tolerance to any form of sexual violence. Sexual violence is a flagrant and unacceptable violation of human rights – we stand in solidarity with all survivors, as well as with their families who had to suffer from any form of sexual violence in conflict and its ramifications.

Sexual violence in conflict has been and continues to be used as a tactic of war and terror. It targets predominantly women and girls, but also men and boys, who after having suffered their plight, also face double victimisation: not only do they suffer physical injuries and psychological traumas, but they can face stigmatisation and rejection by their families and communities, as well as reprisals from the perpetrators. As a consequence, many victims do not report this crime: it is estimated that for every case of rape reported in conflict zones there are ten to twenty cases that remain undocumented.

Following up on the London Global Summit to End Sexual Violence in Conflict of June 2014, the EU adopted a Guide to Practical Actions for Ending Sexual Violence in Conflict, which promotes a comprehensive, multi-sectoral and multidimensional approach. The EU is also committed to the global initiative “Call to Action on Protection from Gender-based Violence in Emergencies” and its implementation.

We want to see practical steps to tackle impunity for the use of rape as a weapon of war and to begin to change global attitudes to these crimes. Accountability and access to justice are a must; victims and witnesses of sexual violence have to be ensured access to impartial and gender-sensitive tribunals and to reparations, including as a form of transitional gender justice. The EU has adopted a framework for transitional justice that ensures gender is a variable taken into account in these processes. Perpetrators must be prosecuted in accordance with national and international law, within national justice systems that respect the rule of law; we support security and justice sector reforms to this end.

Efforts to fight sexual violence in conflict also need to comprise measures to ensure adequate information, fact-finding and proper documentation. Fighting the banalisation of sexual violence and raising awareness of women’s and girls’ rights, as well as of the existence of sexual violence against men and boys, are extremely important. We acknowledge the central role of civil society organisations in identifying and protecting victims, and we will continue supporting them in this endeavour.

The EU continues to support the International Criminal Court, as well as non-permanent International Criminal Tribunals, and recognises the significant progress they have achieved in combating sexual violence in conflict. We also support multilateral mechanisms in tackling sexual violence in conflict, in particular the valuable work of the UN Secretary-General’s Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, Zainab Bangura.

The EU strongly supports women’s full and effective participation in conflict prevention and resolution and in peacebuilding processes in order to achieve long-term sustainable results – we know this leads to more inclusive outcomes and contributes to lasting peace and a more gender equal society.”
STATEMENT/16/2243

American Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

American Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
June 15, 2016 – OAS
50 Million People in the Americas Self-Define as Indigenous.
The declaration is the first instrument in the history of the OAS to promote and protect the rights of the indigenous peoples of the Americas.

The Declaration recognizes:
:: The collective organization and multicultural and multilingual character of indigenous peoples.
:: The self-identification of people who consider themselves indigenous.
:: Special protection for peoples in voluntary isolation or initial contact, such as certain peoples of the Amazon, which is an aspect that distinguishes it from other similar initiatives.
:: That progress in promoting and effectively protecting the rights of the indigenous peoples of the Americas is a priority for the OAS.

Key points of the Declaration
:: Self-identification as indigenous peoples will be a fundamental criterion for determining to whom the Declaration applies.
:: Indigenous peoples have the right to self-determination.
:: Gender equality: indigenous women have collective rights that are indispensable for their existence, wellbeing, and comprehensive development as peoples.
:: Indigenous persons and communities have the right to belong to one or more indigenous peoples, in accordance with the identity, traditions, and customs of belonging of each people.
:: States shall recognize fully their juridical personality, respecting their forms of organization and promoting the full exercise of the rights recognized in the Declaration.
:: They have the right to maintain, express, and freely develop their cultural identity.
:: They have the right to not be subjected to any form of genocide.
:: They have the right not to be subject to racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia, or other related forms of intolerance.
:: They have the right to their own cultural identity and integrity and to their cultural heritage.
:: They have the right to autonomy or self-government in matters relating to their internal affairs.
:: Indigenous peoples in voluntary isolation or initial contact have the right to remain in that condition and to live freely and in accordance with their cultures.
:: They have the rights and guarantees recognized in national and international labor law.
:: They have the right to the lands,

Joint Declaration on a Framework for European Commission-World Bank Group Collaboration in Situations Affected by Fragility, Conflict and Violence

Joint Declaration on a Framework for European Commission-World Bank Group Collaboration in Situations Affected by Fragility, Conflict and Violence
June 14, 2016
The European Commission and the World Bank Group, hereby envisage to define a framework for collaboration in situations affected by fragility, conflict and violence (FCV). We believe that in FCV situations, more than anywhere else, stronger and better partnerships among international actors are key to the success of the Sustainable Development Goals. We are committed to strengthen our strategic dialogue, coordinate our approaches, and develop joint operational solutions for sustaining peace, preventing violence and conflict and achieving development in FCV that will also ensure synergies and complementarities with our respective collaborations with other international organisations.

A framework for collaboration
By creating a dedicated framework for collaboration in FCV situations, we intend to provide the conducive environment for our institutions, at both headquarters and country levels, to avoid doing harm and maximise our joint development impact by leveraging each other’s interventions. Therefore, in situations affected by FCV, we intend to:

:: Increase shared understandings, by developing common methodologies and instruments to collect, analyse, and share information, in synergy with the EU comprehensive approach to external conflict and crises;

:: Strengthen in-country policy dialogue and planning processes, by more systematically consulting one another, promoting joint initiatives, and using common risks and results monitoring;

:: Promote and apply the principles encompassed in the New Deal for engagement in Fragile States in our cooperation and strengthen country ownership;

:: Increase the conflict-sensitivity of our cooperation programmes;

:: Initiate transformational interventions, including the provision of global public goods, by supporting international collective action, making best and most effective use of financial resources and combining them where possible;

:: Address the gender dimension of FCV and prioritise the needs of women and children in our cooperation programmes;
:: Improve the overall mobilisation, allocation, and conflict sensitive delivery of resources, by working together in the development of innovative financial solutions;

:: Deepen our partnership by encouraging active collaboration, exploring different possibilities such as joint staff trainings, staff exchanges, and other appropriate initiatives; and

:: Focus on results, by monitoring the use of this framework through an annual senior-level meeting that provides priorities and themes for the following year.

So doing, we are committed to bring a decisive contribution to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, leaving no-one behind in the pursuit of a sustainable future.

The European External Action Service (EEAS) will be associated in the implementation of this Joint Declaration.

Adopted on 14 June 2016

Managing the Refugee Crisis: Commission reports on progress made in the implementation of the EU-Turkey Statement

Managing the Refugee Crisis: Commission reports on progress made in the implementation of the EU-Turkey Statement
European Commission – Statement
Brussels, 15 June 2016

The Commission has today adopted its second report on the EU-Turkey Statement showing that while there has been further good progress in its implementation, progress achieved so far remains fragile.

Today, the Commission adopted its second report on the EU-Turkey Statement showing that while there has been further good progress in its implementation, progress achieved so far remains fragile. The continued successful implementation depends mainly on the political determination of all parties involved. The sharp and continued decrease of people crossing irregularly or losing their lives in the Aegean on their way from Turkey into Greece is proof of the Statement’s effectiveness so far and also shows that the business model of smugglers can be broken. Member States have also increased their efforts on resettlement – offering legal and safe pathways as an alternative. Return operations have continued to be carried out. All Member States have sent their contribution certificates for the Facility for Refugees in Turkey which will allow for the accelerated disbursement of the Facility to be delivered and the first €1 billion to start benefiting refugees by the end of the summer. Since the publication on 4 May of the Third Progress report on the implementation of Turkey’s Visa Liberalisation Roadmap, progress has also continued towards fulfilling the remaining benchmarks of the visa liberalisation roadmap.

European Commission First Vice-President Frans Timmermans said: “The EU-Turkey Statement is delivering results: migrants see that it is not worth risking their lives on smugglers’ boats and we are on track to contract €1 billion of projects under the Refugee Facility by the end of this summer. But now is not the moment to sit back. We need to fully implement all elements of the Statement. This includes stepping up resettlement and increasing Greece’s capacity to address the humanitarian situation and deal with asylum applications in line with EU law. The Turkish authorities also need to complete the implementation of the visa liberalisation roadmap.”

Whilst the success achieved so far remains fragile, today’s Report confirms the EU-Turkey Statement continues to deliver concrete results, with joint efforts by the Greek and Turkish authorities, the Commission, Member States and EU agencies making headway in operationalising the Statement:

Considerably reduced irregular crossings:
In the weeks before the implementation of the Statement, around 1,740 migrants were crossing the Aegean Sea to the Greek islands every day. By contrast, the average daily number of irregular crossings since 1 May is down to 47.

Return of irregular migrants from Greece to Turkey:
Since the Statement took effect on 20 March, 462 irregular migrants who have not applied for asylum, including 31 Syrians, have been returned to Turkey from Greece, in accordance with EU and international law and in full respect of the principle of non-refoulement.

“One for One” Resettlement from Turkey to the EU:
Substantial progress has been made on establishing an operational framework for carrying out resettlement operations from Turkey to the EU, aimed at both helping to alleviate the situation in Turkey and to meet the EU’s commitment to provide legal pathways to the EU for victims of the Syrian crisis, sending a clear message to Syrian refugees in Turkey that there is a legal pathway instead of dangerous irregular crossings. A total of 511 Syrians have been resettled so far from Turkey to the EU under the 1:1 scheme (additional 408 since the First progress report) – substantially exceeding the number of returns from Greece to Turkey. A Resettlement Team, set up by the Commission at the EU Delegation in Ankara, coordinates and assist Member States’ operations and liaisons with Turkish authorities, the UNHCR and the IOM.

Visa liberalisation:
On 4 May, the Commission published its Third progress report on the implementation of Turkey’s Visa Liberalisation Roadmap and proposed lifting the visa requirements for the citizens of Turkey, under the understanding that the Turkish authorities will fulfil, as a matter of urgency and as they committed to do on 18 March 2016, the outstanding seven benchmarks. Since 4 May, further progress has been made, notably with the entry into force of the EU-Turkey readmission agreement that still requires a final decision on actual application. The Commission continues to support Turkey in the work that still needs to be done to fulfil the remaining benchmarks and invites Turkey to take these measures as soon as possible to enable the EU to lift the visa requirements for Turkish citizens.

Facility for Refugees in Turkey:
Further EU financial support through the Facility for Refugees in Turkey has been delivered to support refugees and host communities in Turkey and programming and project preparation has been accelerated. So far, €150 million under the EU budget has been contracted; out of which around €105 million has been disbursed to notably cover expenses for food, health care, accommodation and access to education. In addition to the €1 billion provided by the EU budget, all EU Member States have now sent in their contribution certificates for the €2 billion pledged for 2016-2017. The Commission will do all in its power to accelerate disbursement of the Facility, in close cooperation with Turkish authorities, committing for both humanitarian and non-humanitarian needs contracting €1 billion before the end of the summer.

Upgrading the Customs Union:
The Commission is advancing in the preparation of an Impact Assessment and a public consultation has recently been concluded. It is expected that draft negotiating directives will then be prepared for adoption by the Commission in the 4th quarter of 2016 and tabled to the Council.

Accession process:
The Commission tabled the Draft Common Position on Chapter 33 (financial and budgetary provisions) in the Council on 29 April, enabling the Council to decide on the opening of this Chapter by end of June. In addition, preparatory work continues at an accelerated pace to make progress on five Chapters, without prejudice to Member States’ positions in accordance with the existing rules. Preparatory work has been finalised in the area of energy; the Commission will finalise the documents on the judiciary and fundamental rights by the end of June; the Commission finalised the Common Position on education and culture on 2 May 2016; and the EEAS updated screening report on foreign, security and defence policy, was issued on 20 May.

Humanitarian conditions inside Syria:
The EU and Turkey have both continued to deploy substantial resources for the humanitarian response in Syria and have worked together to promote full and unimpeded access throughout Syria. The EU will continue to provide humanitarian assistance to people across Syria, and has allocated an initial €140 million for life-saving activities for 2016, almost half of which has already been contracted.

In the next implementation phase, the Commission concludes that urgent attention should be given by Greece to increase its capacity in processing asylum applications and appeals on an individual basis and in the most timely manner to ensure returns and readmissions, notably through the use of the safe third country concept. Greece should also enhance the reception capacity on the islands and improve the day to day management and coordination of the hotspots, with the coordinated support of the EU and its Member States. Member States should build on the results achieved so far step up their efforts in order to increase substantially the number of resettlements. Equally, Turkey needs to take the necessary measures to fulfil the remaining visa liberalisation benchmarks as soon as possible in order to enable the EU to lift the visa requirements for Turkish citizens.

The Commission will present its third report on the implementation of the EU-Turkey Statement in September 2016…

EU States’ Dangerous Approach to Migration puts Asylum in Jeopardy Worldwide

EU States’ Dangerous Approach to Migration puts Asylum in Jeopardy Worldwide
June 16, 2016
MSF Will No Longer Accept Funds from EU Member States and Institutions

BRUSSELS, JUNE 17, 2016—The international medical humanitarian organization Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) today announced that it will no longer accept funds from the European Union and its member states, in opposition to their damaging migration deterrence policies and intensifying attempts to push people and their suffering away from European shores. This decision will take effect immediately and will apply to MSF’s projects worldwide.

Three months into an agreement struck between the EU and Turkey, which European governments are claiming as a success, people in need of protection are paying the true cost of the deal. On the Greek islands, more than 8,000 people, including hundreds of unaccompanied minors, have been stranded as a direct consequence of the EU-Turkey deal. They have been living in dire conditions in overcrowded camps, sometimes for months. While they fear a forced return to Turkey, they are deprived of essential legal aid, their one defense against collective expulsion. The majority of these families, whom Europe has legislated out of sight, have fled conflict in Syria, Iraq, and Afghanistan.

“For months MSF has spoken out about a shameful European response focused on deterrence rather than on providing people with the assistance and protection they need,” said Jerome Oberreit, MSF international secretary general. “The EU-Turkey deal goes one step further, placing the very concept of ‘refugee’ and the protection it offers in danger.”

Last week the European Commission unveiled a new proposal to replicate the EU-Turkey logic across more than 16 countries in Africa and the Middle East. These deals would impose trade and development aid cuts on countries that do not stem migration to Europe or facilitate forcible returns, and reward those that do. Among these potential partners are Somalia, Eritrea, Sudan, and Afghanistan, four of the top 10 refugee generating countries, according to the United Nations.

“Is Europe’s only offer to refugees that they stay in countries they are desperate to flee? Once again, Europe’s main focus is not on how well people will be protected, but on how efficiently they are kept away,” said Oberreit.

The EU-Turkey deal sets a dangerous precedent for other countries hosting refugees, sending a message that caring for people forced from their homes is optional and that they can purchase their way out of providing asylum. Last month, the Kenyan government cited European migration policy to justify its decision to close the world’s largest refugee camp, Dadaab, and send its residents back to Somalia. Likewise, the deal does nothing to encourage countries surrounding Syria, already hosting millions of refugees, to open their borders to those in need.
“Europe’s attempt to outsource migration control is having a domino effect, with closed borders stretching all the way back to Syria,” said Oberreit. “People increasingly have nowhere to turn. Will the situation in Azaz, Syria, where 100,000 people are blocked between closed borders and front lines, become the rule, rather than the deadly exception?”

The EU-Turkey deal’s financial package includes one billion euros in humanitarian aid. While there are undoubtedly needs in Turkey, which currently hosts close to three million Syrian refugees, this aid has been negotiated as a reward for border control promises, rather than being based solely on needs. This instrumentalization of humanitarian aid is unacceptable, MSF said.

“Deterrence policies sold to the public as humanitarian solutions have only exacerbated the suffering of people in need,” said Oberreit. “There is nothing remotely humanitarian about these policies, which cannot become the norm and must be challenged. MSF will not receive funding from institutions and governments whose policies do so much harm. We are calling on European governments to shift priorities. Rather than maximize the number of people they can push back, they must maximize the number they welcome and protect.”

MSF has been providing assistance to people crossing the Mediterranean Sea to Europe since 2002. In the last 18 months alone, MSF medics have treated an estimated 200,000 men, women, and children in Europe and on the Mediterranean Sea. The organization currently cares for refugees and migrants in Greece, Serbia, France, and Italy and on the Mediterranean, as well as in countries across Africa, Asia, and the Middle East.

MSF’s activities are mainly (92 percent) privately funded. Nevertheless, the organization is also involved in some financial partnerships with institutional donors for specific programs. In 2015, funding from EU institutions represented 19 million euros, while funding from EU member states represented 37 million euros. MSF also used 6.8 million euros received from the Norwegian Government. In 2016, in addition to ECHO, MSF is involved in partnerships with nine European Union member states: Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.

“Neither safe nor sound”: Sexual exploitation, trafficking and abuse engulfing the lives of children in the camps of Calais and Dunkirk

“Neither safe nor sound”: Sexual exploitation, trafficking and abuse engulfing the lives of children in the camps of Calais and Dunkirk
LONDON/PARIS, 16 June 2016 – Children experience sexual exploitation, violence and forced labour on a daily basis in the camps of Northern France, according to the findings of Neither Safe Nor Sound, a new UNICEF France and UNICEF UK study.

The study looked at 60 children between the ages of 11-17 – from Afghanistan, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Syria, and Vietnam – living in seven camps along the coast of the English Channel between January and April 2016.

The children’s testimonies paint a picture of abuse and tragedy, with cases of debt slavery and forced criminal activity, such as assisting smugglers at ferry terminals.

Sexual violence is a constant threat, including the sexual exploitation and rape of boys, and rape and forced prostitution of girls.

Interviews with young women identified practices of exchanging sexual services for the promise of passage to the UK or to speed up their journey.

Many of these children have fled conflict and are now trapped in the camps, some desperately close to reaching family already living in the UK where a bed is waiting for them.

In most of the camps an “entry fee” is levied by the traffickers before the minors are allowed to stay there. The unaccompanied children who are unable to pay find themselves forced to agree to perform laborious tasks for the adults, such as selling food at the informal night-time market which operates in the so-called Calais Jungle.

Complaints of cold and fatigue are commonplace due to the dismal living conditions, with children constantly exposed to the elements.

There is no access to regular schooling despite the fact that this is a mandatory provision.

Some children have expressed their desire to be hospitalised in a psychiatric ward following instances of mental breakdowns and aggressive and violent episodes.

Traffickers are now charging between £4,000 and £5,500 (US$5,600-$7,000) per person to cross the English Channel – a higher price than ever before. And because of the increased security presence this situation has pushed children into the hands of those traffickers, or forced them to take even more significant risks in order to pass through without paying – in some cases by hiding themselves in refrigerated lorries….

The report estimates that, as at March 2016, there were 500 unaccompanied children living across the seven sites, including Calais and Dunkirk, and that around 2,000 unaccompanied children have passed through them since June 2015…

Guidelines to Protect Migrants in Countries Experiencing Conflict or Natural Disaster

Guidelines to Protect Migrants in Countries Experiencing Conflict or Natural Disaster
Migrants in Countries in Crisis (MICIC) Initiative
Initiative website at: http://micicinitiative.iom.int/%5D
June 2016 :: 132 pages
[Selected overview text]
These Principles, Guidelines, and Practices apply to situations in which migrants are present in a country experiencing a conflict or natural disaster. They relate to crisis preparedness, emergency response, and post-crisis action.

For the purposes of these Principles, Guidelines, and Practices, the term ‘migrant’ means a non-citizen who is present in a country during a conflict or natural disaster regardless of: (a) the means of or reasons for entry; (b) immigration status; or (c) length of or reasons for stay. The term ‘migrant’ does not refer to refugees, asylum-seekers, and stateless persons, for whom specific protection regimes exist under international law, although these groups are addressed in certain places in the Principles, Guidelines, and Practices and referred to as such.

The Principles, Guidelines, and Practices provide practical, non-binding, voluntary guidance for States, private sector actors, international organizations, and civil society to protect migrants. In addition to these stakeholders, other actors may benefit from this guidance. These Principles, Guidelines, and Practices can be used to plan, prepare, and assess actions and to improve responses for the benefit of migrants, their families, and societies.

Each element of the Principles, Guidelines, and Practices serves a different purpose.
The Principles are fundamental, cross-cutting precepts, drawn, in some instances, from international law. The Principles are intended to inform, underpin, and guide actions to protect migrants.

The Guidelines are targeted suggestions, organized by theme, that identify in broad terms the actions needed to better protect migrants. Stakeholders can use the Guidelines to inform and shape crisis preparedness, emergency response, and post-crisis action.

The Practices are a non-exhaustive selection of examples that illustrate ways to implement the Guidelines and address the needs of migrants. They are based on existing practices as well as recommendations and can be adapted to suit particular contexts and priorities. Stakeholders can share actual practices through the MICIC Initiative website: http:// micicinitiative.iom.int/.

GUIDELINES
I. CRISIS PREPAREDNESS 1
GUIDELINE 1: Track information on conflicts and natural disasters, and the potential impact on migrants
GUIDELINE 2: Collect and share information on migrants, subject to privacy, confidentiality, and the security and safety of migrants
GUIDELINE 3: Empower migrants to help themselves, their families, and communities during and in the aftermath of crises
GUIDELINE 4: Incorporate migrants in prevention, preparedness, and emergency response systems
GUIDELINE 5: Involve migrants in contingency planning and integrate their needs and capacities
GUIDELINE 6: Communicate effectively with migrants
GUIDELINE 7: Establish coordination agreements in advance to leverage strengths and foster trust
GUIDELINE 8: Build capacity and learn lessons for emergency response and post-crisis action
II. EMERGENCY RESPONSE 28
GUIDELINE 9: Communicate widely, effectively, and often with migrants on evolving crises and how to access help
GUIDELINE 10: Facilitate migrants’ ability to move to safety
GUIDELINE 11: Provide humanitarian assistance to migrants without discrimination
GUIDELINE 12: Establish clear referral procedures among stakeholders
GUIDELINE 13: Relocate and evacuate migrants when needed

.

Press Release
IOM Welcomes Guidelines to Protect Migrants
Posted: 06/10/16
Switzerland – IOM today (10/6) welcomed the publication of the “Guidelines to Protect Migrants in Countries Experiencing Conflict or Natural Disaster” by the Migrants in Countries in Crisis (MICIC) Initiative.

Almost all countries host a migrant population and no country is immune to conflict or natural disaster. IOM’s experience has shown that migrants were among those worst affected in every humanitarian crisis of the last decade.

“We have a collective responsibility to improve protection for vulnerable migrants in countries experiencing crisis,” said IOM Director General, William Lacy Swing. “States, international organizations, employers, recruiters and civil society all have a role to play in ensuring that migrants and their particular needs and vulnerabilities are taken into account in preparing for, responding to, and recovering from crisis.”

Before today, little guidance existed to clearly identify what States, international organizations and others should do to better protect migrants in crises.

Despite being resilient and resourceful in the face of crises, during emergency responses, migrants “often fall between the cracks,” explained Michele Klein-Solomon, Director of the MICIC Initiative Secretariat, which is based at IOM. “This should be a concern for all countries.”
The governments of the Philippines and the United States launched the MICIC Initiative in 2014 to develop voluntary, non-binding guidance on how to better protect and assist migrants in countries experiencing conflicts or natural disasters.

The MICIC Initiative is co-chaired by the Philippines and the United States, and supported by a Working Group comprised of Australia, Bangladesh, Costa Rica, Ethiopia, the European Commission, IOM, UNHCR, ICMPD, Georgetown University’s Institute for the Study of International Migration, and the Office of the Special Representative of the UN Secretary General for International Migration.

The European Commission funded the convening of six regional MICIC Initiative consultations, preceded by regional consultations organized by civil society groups. The governments of Australia and the United States funded consultations with international organizations, civil society and the private sector, and with members of the Intergovernmental Consultations on Migration, Asylum and Refugees, and other States….

What Design Can Do Refugee Challenge receives over 600 entries from 69 countries

What Design Can Do Refugee Challenge receives over 600 entries from 69 countries
June 14, 2016
AMSTERDAM. More than 600 designers and creative thinkers have entered their concepts for the What Design Can Do Refugee Challenge…‘The great participation confirms that designers and creatives want to use their skills to create better everyday lives for refugee children and families,’ says Jonathan Spampinato of IKEA Foundation.

Corinne Gray, Acting Co-Lead of UNHCR’s Innovation Unit, said: ‘The largest refugee crisis since World War II requires new approaches. More than ever we need designers, entrepreneurs, and anyone with a commitment to change to work together with us to create the most dignified existence possible for those who are forcibly displaced.’

What Design Can Do initiator, Richard van der Laken, is equally bolstered by the result: ‘This response demonstrates a huge commitment of designers to urgent societal issues. Indifference and cynicism is not applicable to these people. They show us what design can do,’ he said. Refugee Challenge leader Dagan Cohen added: ‘The fact that we have received submissions from 69 countries proves that the Challenge really resonated with creative thinkers all over the world.’ He expects that selecting 20 to 30 concepts for a shortlist (published on 20 June) will be a ‘tough job’.

The five best concepts will be announced on 1 July by Minister of Foreign Affairs Bert Koenders, during What Design Can Do Live in Amsterdam.

A LinkedIn network for refugees, access to knowledge and work, a photo agency for pictures taken by refugees and a coat that turns into a tent. These are just a few of the avalanche of ideas submitted to the What Design Can Do Refugee Challenge. Between now and 20 June, everybody can vote for one of the 600 entries. And the entry that receives most public votes will automatically make it onto the shortlist for the final round, to be announced on 21 June.

The UNCHR has set up a special innovation platform where experts can view and discuss the entries over the coming weeks. What Design Can Do has invited over thirty experts from various disciplines to provide feedback to participants, so that their definitive concepts are as strong as possible when the selection phase starts…
UNHCR Innovation Platform: https://refugeechallenge.unhcrideas.org/Page/Home

About ‘What Design Can Do’
What Design Can Do (WDCD) is an Amsterdam-based design platform that advocates the social impact of design. WDCD raises awareness among professionals and the public for the potential of creativity and calls on designers to take responsibility and consider how their work can benefit society. It does so by showcasing best practices, raising discussions and fostering collaboration. Since its launch in 2011, WDCD has hosted six successful international design conferences in Amsterdam and São Paulo. Learn more at http://www.whatdesigncando.com…

“Right to health in adolescence: the costs of failing are too high” – UN expert warns

“Right to health in adolescence: the costs of failing are too high” – UN expert warns
GENEVA (15 June 2016) – The United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to health, Dainius Pūras, today called on States “to remove all legal barriers to access health facilities, goods and services that interfere with the rights of adolescents to be heard and to be taken seriously and that, ultimately, limit their right to make autonomous decisions.”

“Governments must strike a balance between adolescents’ emerging autonomy and their right to protection in particular when it comes to mental health, the rights to sexual and reproductive health, and substance use and drug control, given the specific challenges these issues pose,” the expert said after the presentation of his latest report* to the UN Human Rights Council.
“The foundations laid down during adolescence have profound implications for the social, economic and political development of society as a whole. Hence, the costs of failing adolescents are simply too high,” Mr. Pūras emphasised.

In his report, the human rights expert highlights that healthcare services should ensure respect for adolescents’ rights to privacy and confidentiality, address their different cultural needs and expectations, and comply with ethical standards.

“This is particularly important when it comes to providing mental health services for adolescents,” he said. “Psychosocial interventions should be provided at the community level in a manner that is ethical and consistent with adolescents’ rights, and on the basis of available evidence, with a view to avoid institutionalization and the excessive use of psychotropic medications.”

Moreover, “States should adopt or integrate a comprehensive sexual and reproductive health policy for all adolescents into national strategies and programmes to ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services,” the expert said. In that regard, he makes a number of recommendations in his report, among them:
:: Abortion should not be criminalized, as this only leads to higher number of maternal deaths, and poor mental and physical health outcomes.
:: All adolescents should have access to confidential, adolescent-responsive and non-discriminatory sexual and reproductive health information, services and goods.
:: Age-appropriate, comprehensive and inclusive sexuality education, based on scientific evidence and human rights, should be part of the school curriculum.

The Special Rapporteur also called on States to seek alternatives to punitive or repressive drug control policies, including decriminalization and legal regulation and control, and foster the international debate on these issues with the right to health at the core. “All drug detention centres for adolescents should be closed, and the provision of prevention, harm reduction and dependence treatment services, without discrimination, should be ensured,” he said.

The expert noted that adolescents should be protected from violence and neglect, including in family settings, by the upholding of their right to confidential services and counselling without parental consent. He also called on States to support families to increase the abilities of parents to raise children and adolescents in a competent and confident manner, and reinforce skills to manage situations in a non-violent way.

“Policies designed to protect families and family values should avoid measures that undermine the human rights of individual family members, including women, adolescents and younger children,” he said.

“Such approaches can be detrimental as they may, in the name of traditional values, condone violence, reinforce unequal power relations within family settings and, therefore, deprive adolescents from the opportunity to exercise their basic rights,” Mr. Puras explained.

The Special Rapporteur urged States to meet their core obligation to recognize adolescents as rights holders by respecting their evolving capacities and their right to participate in the design, delivery and evaluation of policies and services that affect their health and well-being.
(*) Read the Special Rapporteur’s full report: http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?si=A/HRC/32/32

UNESCO Director-General and ICC President reaffirm joint commitment to end impunity for deliberate destruction of heritage

UNESCO Director-General and ICC President reaffirm joint commitment to end impunity for deliberate destruction of heritage
14.06.2016 – ODG
On an official visit to the International Criminal Court, the Director General of UNESCO, Irina Bokova, held a bilateral working meetings with President Ms Silvia Fernandez de Gurmandi, and deputy prosecutor James Stewart, to explore ways to deepen cooperation on the protection of cultural heritage and the fight against impunity of war crimes.

“UNESCO and ICC have come a long way together, to strengthen the rule of law, to change the mindset about the destruction of cultural heritage, and we are determined to go further, to end impunity for deliberate destruction of cultural heritage,” said Irina Bokova.

“The case of Mali is important in demonstrating that attacks on cultural heritage in conflict can be effectively investigated and prosecuted through judicial mechanisms.” said President Silvia Fernandez de Gurmand

Immediately after the deliberate attacks on the people and Heritage of Mali, UNESCO raised the issue of the destruction of the Mausoleums to the attention of the Court. On 1 July, 2012, Ms Fatou Bensouda, ICC Prosecutor, declared that this destruction constituted a war crime under the Rome Statute and then launched a preliminary examination into the violence that had been engulfing the country since January 2012. The first suspect, Mr Ahmed al-Faqi al-Mahdi, was transferred by the authorities of Mali and Niger to The Hague on 26 September, 2015.

The case of Mali is a historic precedent in the fight against impunity – recognizing the restoration of justice and the rule of law as an essential step of any recovery process. This sets a historic precedent for similar cases in the future, and that is why it is vital that all aspects of the trial are addressed with extreme care and a sense of justice.

It is in this spirit that UNESCO and the ICC are sharing expertise and information about the importance of the sites, about why they were inscribed on the World Heritage list, and the reason why their deliberate destruction can be considered a war crime.

“The destruction of culture is one element of a global strategy of hatred, and the fight against impunity and respect for the rule of law must must be part and parcel in a broader vision for peace.” Said the Directo-General. This calls for a stronger coordination among all partners working in different fields and between the security, humanitarian, and cultural domains. The cooperation between UNESCO and the ICC plays an important role in this regard.

Reaching the world’s two billion unbanked: ITU Focus Group makes steady progress

Reaching the world’s two billion unbanked: ITU Focus Group makes steady progress
Group shares initial findings from Digital Financial Services Ecosystem and Consumer Experience and Protection working groups
Geneva, 16 June 2016

Today the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Focus Group on Digital Financial Services has published the first of a series of thematic reports on Digital Financial Services, or DFS. The DFS Focus Group is looking at helping local policy and decision makers to accelerate their work on financial inclusion by providing practical tools, guidelines and recommendations on issues that are currently preventing the DFS market to develop organically. This represents the first step in developing an international roadmap of best practice guidelines for regulators, operators and providers in the telecom and financial services sectors and serving the unbanked in a sustainable manner.

Specifically focused around two of the four working groups, DFS Ecosystem and Consumer Experience and Protection, the four background documents were endorsed at the Focus Group’s recent meeting in Washington DC…

Reports from the DFS Focus Group:
The Digital Financial Services Ecosystem:
Maps the overall ecosystem of DFS, identifying all key stakeholders, and looks at the critical elements necessary to make the ecosystem develop so that it encourages and enables financial inclusion policies.

Enabling Merchant Payments Acceptance in the Digital Financial Ecosystems:
Describes the merchant services value chain, develops a segmentation scheme for different types of payments acceptors, and identifies the payments-related attributes of each segment. It also develops suggestions on ways to accelerate the adoption of electronic payments acceptance.

Review of National Identity Programmes – A report from the Evans School of Public Policy and Governance:
Looks at 48 national identify programmes in 43 developing countries. With identification systems becoming more common across Latin America, South and Southeast Asia, and Sub-Saharan Africa, the report concludes that not only is penetration much higher than expected, but so are the number of biometric national ID programmes. It evaluates how these programmes are being used to drive provision of DFS services.

Quality of Service (QoS) and Quality of Experience (QoE) aspects of Digital Financial Services:
This Report identifies and proposes Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) to be considered for digital financial services…

‘Luxembourg Guidelines’ on terminology a step forward in the fight against sexual exploitation and sexual abuse of children

‘Luxembourg Guidelines’ on terminology a step forward in the fight against sexual exploitation and sexual abuse of children
Posted on 14/06/2016
Geneva, Switzerland – A Global Interagency Working Group released the ‘Terminology Guidelines for the Protection of Children from Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse’ in Geneva Switzerland today, taking an important step in strengthening collaboration to address sexual exploitation and sexual abuse of children.

Child sexual exploitation and sexual abuse are complex phenomena involving multiple actors, and requiring a multi-sectoral response. The absence of common language to describe conduct amounting to sexual exploitation and sexual abuse affects and undermines global efforts to protect children. “Even where the same terms are used, there is often disagreement concerning their actual meaning, resulting in confusion and challenges for law-makers, child protection agencies, media and civil society groups” explained Dorothy Rozga, Executive Director of ECPAT International. In the context of transnational child sexual abuse and sexual exploitation, these difficulties are magnified.

The Terminology Guidelines, dubbed the ‘Luxembourg Guidelines’ after their adoption in the small country earlier this year, offer guidance on how to navigate the complex lexicon of terms commonly used relating to sexual exploitation and sexual abuse of children. They aim to build consensus on key concepts in order to strengthen data collection and cooperation across agencies, sectors and countries. Today, the Guidelines are being made available to all major child protection agencies and organisations around the world, as well as to law-makers and the media.

The ‘Luxembourg Guidelines’ were developed under the guidance of a global Interagency Working Group, composed of 18 members, including the Special Representative to the UN Secretary General on Violence against Children, the UN Special Rapporteur on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography (see full list at the end).

“In these important guidelines, policy makers, professional associations and child rights defenders find a crucial resource to provide precision in terminology, enhance accuracy in the development of monitoring tools, and gain conceptual clarity to mobilise efforts for the safeguard of children’s freedom from sexual violence across regions,” said Marta Santos Pais, the Special Representative to the UN Secretary General on Violence against Children, and core member of the Interagency Working Group.

“In the fight against sexual exploitation and sexual abuse of children, terminology is not just a matter of semantics: it determines the effectivity of responses,” said UN Special Rapporteur on Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography, Maud de Boer-Buquicchio. “The Luxembourg Guidelines will contribute not only to protecting children, but also in ending the impunity for these heinous crimes,” said the UN Special Rapporteur.

“Our hope is that the Guidelines will be widely disseminated and that all actors will familiarize themselves with the meaning and possible use of the terms and concepts presented in the Guidelines. We believe that by doing so they will contribute to a more effective protection of children from all forms of sexual exploitation and sexual abuse” said Professor Jaap Doek, Chairperson of the Interagency Working Group.

Initiated by ECPAT Luxembourg and ECPAT International in September 2014, the Interagency Working Group deliberated over the course of 18 months, bringing together experts and international actors in child protection to forge consensus on the terminology used in child protection on sexual abuse and sexual exploitation.

The Interagency Working Group is composed of representatives from the following organisations:
African Committee of Experts on the Rights and Welfare of the Child
Child Rights Connect
Council of Europe Secretariat
ECPAT
Europol
INHOPE – The International Association of Internet Hotlines
Instituto Interamericano del niño, la niña y adolescentes (OEA)
International Centre for Missing and Exploited Children
International Labour Office
International Telecommunication Organisation
INTERPOL
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
Plan International
Save the Children International
United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child
United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography
United Nations Special Representative of the Secretary General on Violence against Children
United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)

The IWG also counted with two academic institutions, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and the University of Bedfordshire, The International Centre: Researching child sexual exploitation, violence and trafficking, as well as the Oak Foundation as observers to project.

World Economic Forum and Inter-American Development Bank Join Forces to Close the Workforce Gender Gap in Latin America

World Economic Forum and Inter-American Development Bank Join Forces to Close the Workforce Gender Gap in Latin America
Friday 17 June 2016
:: The World Economic Forum and Inter-American Development Bank announce partnership to advance gender parity in the workplace in Latin America, starting in Chile
:: Partnership will employ a model developed over three years through Gender Parity Taskforces in Mexico, Turkey, Japan and the Republic of Korea, catalysed by the Forum

Medellín, Colombia, 17 June 2016 – A three-year experiment in harnessing public-private collaboration to address the workforce gender gap has paved the way for a new partnership between the World Economic Forum and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) aimed at advancing greater workplace gender equality in Latin America.

The partnership between the Forum and IDB will first focus on Chile, where only about 60% of the country’s economic gender gap has been closed. Consequently, the potential for making economic and social gains from further improvements in workplace gender equality is considerable. In order to realize this goal, both partners will pool their respective gender and country expertise to share best practices with committed leaders from business and government, introduce new policies and initiatives, and track the impact of each action.

“With relatively high rates of female education, many Latin American countries stand to make significant economic gains from integrating more women into the workforce. The new partnership between the World Economic Forum and the Inter-American Development Bank will support public-private partnerships in the region, starting with a Gender Parity Taskforce in Chile,” said Richard Samans, Head of the Centre for the Global Agenda, World Economic Forum…