The Sentinel

Human Rights Action :: Humanitarian Response :: Health :: Education :: Heritage Stewardship ::
Sustainable Development
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Week ending 12 January 2019

This weekly digest is intended to aggregate and distill key content from a broad spectrum of practice domains and organization types including key agencies/IGOs, NGOs, governments, academic and research institutions, consortia and collaborations, foundations, and commercial organizations. We also monitor a spectrum of peer-reviewed journals and general media channels. The Sentinel’s geographic scope is global/regional but selected country-level content is included. We recognize that this spectrum/scope yields an indicative and not an exhaustive product. Comments and suggestions should be directed to:

David R. Curry
Editor
GE2P2 Global Foundation – Governance, Evidence, Ethics, Policy, Practice
david.r.curry@ge2p2center.net

PDF: the sentinel_ period ending 12 jan 2019

Contents
:: Week in Review  [See selected posts just below]
:: Key Agency/IGO/Governments Watch – Selected Updates from 30+ entities   [see PDF]
:: INGO/Consortia/Joint Initiatives Watch – Media Releases, Major Initiatives, Research:: Foundation/Major Donor Watch -Selected Updates
:: Journal Watch – Key articles and abstracts from 100+ peer-reviewed journals  [see PDF]

Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2018

Human Rights – Trafficking

Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2018
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
2018 :: 90 pages
PDF: http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/glotip/2018/GLOTiP_2018_BOOK_web_small.pdf
INTRODUCTION [Excerpt]
Data and research to help tackle trafficking in persons
The 2018 edition of the Global Report on Trafficking in Persons is based on information collected from 142 countries, encompassing more than 94 per cent of the world’s population. This represents an improvement compared to the data coverage of the first UNODC Global Report of 2012 (132 countries) and subsequent editions.

Although there have been tangible improvements in the availability of data and information on trafficking in persons, relevant gaps in knowledge affect large parts of the world. The different editions of the Global Report, including this one, are weaker in their coverage of certain parts of Africa, the Middle East, and some parts of Asia. Twenty-two countries in Africa and the Middle East are among
the 51 United Nations Member States for which data is still missing from the current edition of the Global Report. The others are countries in Asia and island States in the Pacific and the Caribbean.

In addition, for some reporting countries in the regions mentioned above, data on the victims recorded are not systematically collected and only available for some years or for some parts of the country. In some cases, details regarding the profiles of victims or offenders are missing.

This edition of the Global Report reveals that large parts of Africa and Asia are weak in detecting victims and convicting traffickers. It is not a coincidence that these are also the parts of the world where less is known about trafficking patterns and flows. Knowledge is fundamental to tailor decisive responses, and stronger national responses help to generate more knowledge about the crime…

OAS Permanent Council Agrees “to not recognize the legitimacy of Nicolas Maduro’s new term”

Governance

OAS Permanent Council Agrees “to not recognize the legitimacy of Nicolas Maduro’s new term”
January 10, 2019 [Editor’s text bolding]
The Permanent Council of the Organization of American States (OAS) today agreed “to not recognize the legitimacy of Nicolas Maduro’s new term as of the 10th of January of 2019.” The resolution was approved with 19 votes in favor, 6 against, 8 abstentions and one absent. Following is the complete text of the resolution:

RESOLUTION ON THE SITUATION IN VENEZUELA
(Adopted by the Permanent Council at its special meeting held on January 10, 2019)
THE PERMANENT COUNCIL OF THE ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES,

REAFFIRMING the right of the peoples of the Americas to democracy and the obligation of their governments to promote and defend it as reflected in Article 1 of the Inter-American Democratic Charter,

RECALLING that, through resolution AG/RES. 2929 (XLVIII-O/18) of June 5, 2018, the General Assembly declared that the May 20, 2018 electoral process in Venezuela lacked legitimacy for not having met the participation of all Venezuelan political actors, its failure to comply with international standards, and for being carried out without the necessary guarantees for a free, fair, transparent, and democratic process,

CONSIDERING that the 2019-2025 presidential period beginning in Venezuela on the 10th of January of 2019 is the result of an illegitimate electoral process,

UNDERSCORING the constitutional authority of the democratically elected National Assembly.

REITEREITING ITS DEEP CONCERN about the worsening political, economic, social and humanitarian crisis in Venezuela resulting from the breakdown of democratic order and serious human rights violations in that state, and the government of Venezuela’s negligence to meet the fundamental Inter-American standards of human rights and democracy;

RECOGNIZING that, as a consequence, a significant number of Venezuelans are being forced to flee the country because their basic needs have not been met.

REITEREITING its serious concern about the collapse of Venezuela’s health-care system, which has led to a reemergence of previously eradicated infectious diseases across Venezuela and into neighboring countries and the wider region.

NOTING that the exodus of Venezuelans is having an impact on the capacity of countries in the region to meet their humanitarian needs and poses challenges to public health and security.

TAKING NOTE, in this regard, of the Quito Declaration on the human mobility of Venezuelan citizens in the region, of September 4th 2018, and its Plan of Action adopted on November 23rd 2018.

CONDEMNING in the strongest terms the arbitrary detentions, lack of due process and the violation of other human rights of political prisoners by the Government of Venezuela.

UNDERSCORING that the Permanent Council and the Meeting of Consultation of Foreign Ministers remain ready to engage in diplomatic initiatives, including good offices, aimed at promoting dialogue in Venezuela, with a view to arriving at a political solution to the crisis in that country.

RESOLVES:
To not recognize the legitimacy of Nicolas Maduro’s new term as of the 10th of January of 2019.

To reaffirm that only through a national dialogue with the participation of all Venezuelan political actors and stakeholders can national reconciliation be achieved and the necessary conditions agreed upon for holding a new electoral process that truly reflects the will of the Venezuelan citizens and peacefully resolves the current crisis in that country.

To urge all Members States and invite Permanent Observers of the OAS to adopt, in accordance with international law and their national legislation, diplomatic, political, economic and financial measures that they consider appropriate, to contribute to the prompt restoration of the democratic order of Venezuela.

To call for new Presidential elections with all necessary guarantees of a free, fair, transparent, and legitimate process to be held at an early date attended by international observers.

To invite Member States and Permanent Observers to implement measures to address the humanitarian crisis in Venezuela and impacted countries, through the support to appropriate international and regional organizations.

To urge the Venezuelan regime to allow the immediate entry of humanitarian aid to the people in Venezuela, including epidemiological surveillance, to prevent the aggravation of the humanitarian and public health crisis, particularly against the reappearance and propagation of diseases.

To demand the immediate and unconditional release of all political prisoners.

To express the Organization’s ongoing solidarity with the Venezuelan people and its commitment to remain seized of the situation in Venezuela and to support diplomatic measures that facilitate the restoration of democratic institutions and the full respect for human rights.

To instruct the Secretary General to transmit the text of this resolution to the Secretary General of the United Nations.

Global Fund Announces US$14 Billion Target to Step Up the Fight Against AIDS, TB and Malaria Ahead of Lyon Conference in October 2019

Global Governance – Collaborative Structures

Global Fund Announces US$14 Billion Target to Step Up the Fight Against AIDS, TB and Malaria Ahead of Lyon Conference in October 2019
11 January 2019
PARIS – The Global Fund today announced its fundraising target for the next three-year cycle, outlining how a minimum of US$14 billion will help save 16 million lives, cut the mortality rate from HIV, TB and malaria in half, and build stronger health systems by 2023. The summary of the Sixth Replenishment Investment Case describes what can be achieved by a fully funded Global Fund, the new threats facing global health progress today, and the risks if we don’t step up the fight now.

French President Emmanuel Macron expressed his strong support for the Global Fund’s replenishment target today. Joined in Paris by Global Fund Executive Director Peter Sands, World Health Organization Director-General Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, and French Minister of Solidarity and Health Agnes Buzyn, President Macron stressed the need for global collaboration to end the epidemics. France is a founding member of the Global Fund and will host the Global Fund’s Sixth Replenishment Conference in Lyon on 10 October 2019.

“We must relaunch efforts to fight health inequalities at the international level,” said President Macron. “We are hosting the Sixth Replenishment Conference of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria in Lyon in 2019. We will step up our action to tackle the major pandemics. I call on everyone here to mobilize.”…

The full Global Fund Sixth Replenishment Investment Case will be presented and discussed by global health leaders at the Preparatory Meeting of the Global Fund Sixth Replenishment, hosted by the government of India in New Delhi on 8 February 2019.

Sixth Replenishment Investment Case [Summary – PDF]

Who Are the World’s Poor? A New Profile of Global Multidimensional Poverty – CGD Working Paper 499

Development – Multidimensional Poverty

Who Are the World’s Poor? A New Profile of Global Multidimensional Poverty – Working Paper 499
Center for Global Development
Gisela Robles Aguilar and Andy Sumner
January 7, 2019 :: 39 pages
PDF: https://www.cgdev.org/sites/default/files/who-are-worlds-poor-new-profile-global-multidimensional-poverty.pdf
Executive Summary
Who are the world’s poor? This paper presents a new global profile of multidimensional poverty using three specifications of multidimensional poverty. The paper draws comparisons with the global monetary poverty profile and with the new World Bank measure of combined monetary and non-monetary poverty; discusses how global poverty differs by specification, the extent of multidimensionality, and presents a set of estimates of the disaggregated characteristics of global multidimensional poverty in 2015. We find the following:

i. At an aggregate level, the overall characteristics of global multidimensional poverty are similar to those of global monetary poverty at $1.90 per day, in that poor households tend to be larger-than-average rural households formed predominantly by young people (half of the world’s multidimensional poor are under 18 years of age, and three-quarters are under 40); two-thirds of poor households have a member employed in agriculture; perhaps surprisingly, given that one would expect higher incomes outside agriculture, one-third of poor households have no member employed in agriculture. The most frequent deprivations are a lack of access to sanitation, lack of improved cooking fuel, and undernutrition.

ii. At a disaggregated level, we find that poverty in rural areas tends to be characterized by overlapping deprivations in education and access to decent infrastructure (water, sanitation, electricity, and housing). In contrast, and counterintuitively, given the proximity, in principle, to better health care and economic opportunities, it is child mortality and malnutrition that is more frequently observed within urban poverty.

iii. The extent of the multidimensionality of poverty differs substantially by region; moreover, some deprivations frequently overlap while others do not. The infrastructure-related dimensions of poverty (water, sanitation, electricity, and housing), not surprisingly, often overlap with each other. More surprising is that deprivations in health indicators overlap least frequently with other dimensions of
poverty.

Opinion – A new president and new role for the World Bank

Governance Multilateral Development –

Financial Times
Opinion The editorial board
A new president and new role for the World Bank
The bank’s head should be appointed on merit, not nationality
10 January 2019
https://www.ft.com/content/daf07ec8-1335-11e9-a581-4ff78404524e

Jim Yong Kim’s appointment as World Bank president in 2012 came as a surprise. Although an expert on epidemiology who had headed the HIV-Aids programme at the World Health Organisation, Mr Kim, then president of Dartmouth College, lacked broader development experience.

Given the high calibre of other candidates, it was unfortunately his citizenship rather than his résumé that ensured his appointment. Absurdly, given the shifts of power in the global economy, the rich world maintains a reciprocal stitch-up: the World Bank presidency goes to an American, the managing director of the International Monetary Fund, the Bank’s sister institution, is always a European.

Following Mr Kim’s resignation on Monday, it would be extraordinary if Donald Trump, in thrall to his America First ideology, permitted a non-US replacement. With the US and Europe still dominating the bank’s board, and the latter unlikely to want to pick a fight with the White House, the fix will probably continue.

It should not. Mr Kim’s sudden departure will have done nothing to defuse criticism among emerging markets about the rich shareholders’ erratic governance of the bank. Another president lacking broad-based political legitimacy would continue to weaken the credibility of an institution whose development function is being eroded year by year.

Mr Kim has struggled to find a new role for the bank now that country-by-country external financing in the developing world is increasingly supplied by private investors, regional institutions like the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank and direct bilateral finance from China. To his credit, he realised the need for the bank to move away from its country and regional focus, and effected some limited organisational reform towards a thematic approach.

But to turn that idea into a new model for the bank will require a president with the clout to persuade member governments to shift substantial amounts of financing towards the provision of global public goods such as managing water, combating pandemics, maintaining biodiversity and addressing the development impacts of migration and refugee crises.

There will still be a role for country programmes, not least to implement the bank’s knowledge base. But there will need to be a new emphasis on broader-based loans and grants. The bank should also be able to manoeuvre in a new world where the regional institutions such as the AIIB and the African Development Bank have increasing influence. The World Bank must regard such bodies, particularly if they adhere to minimum safeguards on environmental and human rights, as partners rather than rivals.

A new president therefore must be capable of dealing with organisations which have a much stronger influence from China and other emerging markets. The World Bank’s credibility was damaged during the cold war by its politicisation, frequently rewarding US allies with soft loans. In a possibly protracted economic or strategic hostility with China, it must not be seen to be taking the American side.

A new World Bank chief faces a stiff task. Neither the manner of Mr Kim’s appointment nor his departure helped the bank’s credibility. His successor needs to operate even-handedly in a tense geopolitical environment while effecting major structural change in an organisation which is itself scarcely less fractious. Perhaps more than ever, this is the moment for the World Bank president to be appointed on merit, not purely on nationality.

Ebola – Democratic Republic of the Congo

Ebola – Democratic Republic of the Congo

23: Situation report on the Ebola outbreak in North Kivu
8 January 2019 [Excerpts]
…Case management
On 24 November 2018, MoH announced the launch of a randomized control trial for Ebola therapeutics. This first-ever multi-drug randomized control trial within an outbreak setting, is an important step towards finding an effective evidence-based treatment for Ebola. The trial is coordinated by WHO and led and sponsored by the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s National Institute for Biomedical Research (INRB) which is the principal investigator. The trial has begun in the Alliance for International Medical Action (ALIMA) ETC in Beni, where patients are enrolled in the study after obtaining voluntary informed consent. MSF treatment centres are also preparing to launch the trial at their sites in the near future.

Until other ETCs are ready to launch the trial, they will continue to provide therapeutics under the Monitored Emergency Use of Unregistered Interventions (MEURI) (compassionate use) protocol, in collaboration with the MoH and the INRB, together with supportive care measures. WHO continues to provide technical clinical expertise on-site at all treatment centres. UNICEF is providing nutritional treatment and psychological support for all hospitalized patients.

As of 6 January 2019, a total of 151 patients are hospitalized in ETCs, of which 29 are confirmed cases, receiving compassionate therapy.

As of 4 January 2019, Katwa ETC has been opened and admitted three suspected cases.

…Implementation of ring vaccination protocol
As of 6 January 2019, a total of 56,509 individuals have been vaccinated since the start of the outbreak.