POLIO Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC); WHO/OCHA Emergencies

Emergencies

POLIO
Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC)

Polio this week as of 09 June 2021
:: Today, the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) launched the Polio Eradication Strategy 2022-2026: Delivering on a Promise at a virtual event, to overcome the remaining challenges to ending polio, including setbacks caused by COVID-19. Read the press release here.
:: “We need to continue supporting the Global Polio Eradication Initiative, whose surveillance capacity and ability to reach vulnerable communities are critical in many countries to prevent and respond to pandemics.” – health ministers of the G7 countries. Read more…..

Summary of new WPV and cVDPV viruses this week (AFP cases and ES positives):
:: Afghanistan: one cVDPV2 case
:: Pakistan: two WPV1 and one cVDPV2 positive environmental samples
:: Burkina Faso: one cVDPV2 case

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GPEI Strategy 2022-2026

Polio Eradication Strategy 2022-2026: Delivering on a Promise
Pre-publication version, as of 10 June 2021
Published by the World Health Organization (WHO) on behalf of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI).
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY [excerpt]
Over the last decade, the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) made steady progress on the path to eradication. Wild poliovirus types 2 and 3 (WPV2 and WPV3) were declared eradicated in 2015 and 2019, respectively; the World Health Organization (WHO) South-East Asia Region was declared free of poliovirus in 2014; and most recently, the WHO African Region was certified free of wild poliovirus (WPV) in August 2020. However, the final steps towards eradication have proven the most difficult.

The GPEI now faces programmatic and epidemiological challenges that demand new approaches to place the partnership and impacted countries on emergency footing (see Annex A). To achieve a polio-free world, the GPEI has re-envisioned the endgame pathway with an urgent call for collective ownership and accountability across the GPEI partnership and with governments, communities and all other stakeholders.

The Polio Eradication Strategy 2022–2026 offers a comprehensive set of actions that will position the GPEI to deliver on a promise that brought the world together in a collective commitment to eradicate polio. These actions, many of which are already underway in 2021, will strengthen and empower the GPEI to meet challenges head-on and achieve and sustain a polio-free world.

The GPEI will transform its approach in each region and country through five mutually reinforcing objectives that lay the foundation to achieve two elemental goals:
Goal One to permanently interrupt poliovirus transmission in the final WPV-endemic countries of Afghanistan and Pakistan, and
Goal Two to stop circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus (cVDPV) transmission and prevent outbreaks in non-endemic countries…

THE GPEI POLIO OVERSIGHT BOARD
Chris Elias
President, Global Development Division, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
2021 Chair of the Polio Oversight Board
Seth Berkley
Chief Executive Officer, Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance
Henrietta Fore
UNICEF Executive Director
Mike McGovern
Chair, International PolioPlus Committee, Rotary International
Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus
WHO Director-General
Rochelle Walensky
Director, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

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Countries reaffirm commitment to ending polio at launch of new eradication strategy
10 June 2021 News release
Today, the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) will launch the Polio Eradication Strategy 2022-2026: Delivering on a Promise at a virtual event, to overcome the remaining challenges to ending polio, including setbacks caused by COVID-19. While polio cases have fallen 99.9% since 1988, polio remains a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) and persistent barriers to reaching every child with polio vaccines and the pandemic have contributed to an increase in polio cases. Last year, 1226 cases of all forms of polio were recorded compared to 138 in 2018.  

In 2020, the GPEI paused polio door-to-door campaigns for four months to protect communities from the spread of COVID-19 and contributed up to 30,000 programme staff and over $100 million in polio resources to support pandemic response in almost 50 countries.

Leaders from the two countries yet to interrupt wild polio transmission—Pakistan and Afghanistan—called for renewed global solidarity and the continued resources necessary to eradicate this vaccine-preventable disease. They committed to strengthening their partnership with GPEI to improve vaccination campaigns and engagement with communities at high risk of polio.

The 2022-2026 Strategy underscores the urgency of getting eradication efforts back on track and offers a comprehensive set of actions that will position the GPEI to achieve a polio-free world. These actions, many of which are underway in 2021, include:

:: further integrating polio activities with essential health services—including routine immunization—and building closer partnerships with high-risk communities to co-design immunization events and better meet their health needs, particularly in Pakistan and Afghanistan;

:: applying a gender equality lens to the implementation of programme activities, recognizing the importance of female workers to build community trust and improve vaccine acceptance;

:: strengthening advocacy to urge greater accountability and ownership of the program at all levels, including enhanced performance measurement and engagement with new partners, such as the new Eastern Mediterranean Regional Subcommittee on Polio Eradication and Outbreaks; and,

:: implementing innovative new tools, such as digital payments to frontline health workers, to further improve the impact and efficiency of polio campaigns.

“With this new Strategy, the GPEI has clearly outlined how to overcome the final barriers to securing a polio-free world and improve the health and wellbeing of communities for generations to come,” said Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Director-General of the World Health Organization and member of the Polio Oversight Board. “But to succeed, we urgently need renewed political and financial commitments from governments and donors. Polio eradication is at a pivotal moment. It is important we capitalise on the momentum of the new Strategy and make history together by ending this disease.”…

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WHO/OCHA Emergencies

Editor’s Note:
WHO has apparently reorganized and fundamentally shifted how it judges and tracks “emergencies”. We found no announcement of descriptive information to share and present the webpage structure as encountered below.

Health emergencies list – WHO
The health emergencies list details the disease outbreaks, disasters and humanitarian crises where WHO plays an essential role in supporting countries to respond to and recover from emergencies with public health consequences.

Ebola outbreak, Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2021

Ebola outbreak outbreak, N’Zerekore, Guinea, 2021

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic

Ebola outbreak, Equateur Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2020

Ebola outbreak, North Kivu, Ituri, Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2018 – 2020

Ebola outbreak, Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2018

Yemen crisis

Syria crisis

Somalia crisis

Nigeria crisis

Ebola outbreak, Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2017

Zika virus disease outbreak, 2015-2016

Ebola outbreak: West Africa, 2014-2016

Iraq crisis

South Sudan crisis

Avian influenza A (H7N9) virus outbreak

Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS-CoV) outbreak

Influenza A (H1N1) virus, 2009-2010 pandemic

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UN OCHA – Current Emergencies
Current Corporate Emergencies
Ethiopia
Ethiopia Humanitarian Bulletin Issue #7 10 May – 6 June 2021
HIGHLIGHTS
:: Partners are implementing CERF-funded anticipatory action projects to mitigate the impact of drought and prevent a food security crisis.
:: The Federal and Regional Governments are preparing to implement a phased return/relocation plan for conflict-displaced people (IDPs) in various parts of the country ahead of the Kiremt/summer rainy season.

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