The National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence :: Final Report

AI and “National Security”

The National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence :: Final Report
March 2021 :: 756 pages
The Final Report presents the NSCAI’s strategy for winning the artificial intelligence era. The 16 chapters explain the steps the United States must take to responsibly use AI for national security and defense, defend against AI threats, and promote AI innovation. The accompanying Blueprints for Action provide detailed plans for the U.S. Government to implement the recommendations.

Preface [excerpt]
The National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence’s (NSCAI) task is to make recommendations to the President and Congress to “advance the development of artificial intelligence [AI], machine learning, and associated technologies to comprehensively address the national security and defense needs of the United States.” In establishing the Commission, Section 1051 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 instructs NSCAI to examine AI through the lenses of national competitiveness, the means to sustain technological advantage, trends in international cooperation and competitiveness, ways to foster investment in basic and advanced research, workforce and training, potential risks of military use, ethical concerns, establishment of data standards and incentivization of data sharing, and the future evolution of AI.1The 15 commissioners were nominated by Congress and the Executive Branch. They represent a diverse group of technologists, business executives, academic leaders, and national security professionals. They have approached all inquiries in bipartisan fashion and reached consensus on the Final Report. The Commission’s operations have been guided by two principles: the need for action and the importance of transparency.

This new era of competition promises to change the world we live in and how we live within it. We can either shape the change to come or be swept along by it. We now know that the uses of AI in all aspects of life will grow and the pace of innovation will continue to accelerate. We know adversaries are determined to turn AI capabilities against us. We know China is determined to surpass us in AI leadership. We know advances in AI build on themselves and confer significant first-mover advantages. Now we must act. The principles we establish, the federal investments we make, the national security applications we field, the organizations we redesign, the partnerships we forge, the coalitions we build, and the talent we cultivate will set America’s strategic course. The United States should invest what it takes to maintain its innovation leadership, to responsibly use AI to defend free people and free societies, and to advance the frontiers of science for the benefit of all humanity. AI is going to reorganize the world. America must lead the charge.

Table of Contents
Artificial Intelligence in Context
Chapter 1: Emerging Threats in the AI Era
Chapter 2: Foundations of Future Defense
Chapter 3: AI and Warfare Chapter 4: Autonomous Weapon Systems and Risks Associated with AI-Enabled Warfare
Chapter 5: AI and the Future of National Intelligence
Chapter 6: Technical Talent in Government
Chapter 7: Establishing Justified Confidence in AI Systems
Chapter 8: Upholding Democratic Values: Privacy, Civil Liberties, and Civil Rights in Uses of AI for National Security
Chapter 9: A Strategy for Competition and Cooperation
Chapter 10: The Talent Competition
Chapter 11: Accelerating AI Innovation
Chapter 12: Intellectual Property
Chapter 13: Microelectronics
Chapter 14: Technology Protection
Chapter 15: A Favorable International Technology Order
Chapter 16: Associated Technologies
Blueprints for Action