Emergencies

Emergencies

POLIO
Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC)
Polio this week as of 3 July 2019
:: G20 Leaders met on 28-29 June 2019 in Osaka, Japan, and discussed major challenges facing the world and the importance of eradicating polio. The G20 declaration states, “We reaffirm our commitment to eradicate polio as well as to end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria and look forward to the success of the sixth replenishment of the Global Fund to fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria.” Read more here.
:: A second cVDPV2 outbreak has been reported in Angola this year; the earlier outbreak was detected in Lunda Norte province; for which an outbreak response is in progress (in close coordination with DRC). The Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) Outbreak Preparedness and Response Task Team (OPRTT) is also supporting the Angola polio eradication team on planning the response to the new outbreak in Huila.
:: The World Health Organization is seeking Expressions of Interest from public- and private-sector vaccine manufacturers and other institutions on development and manufacture of affordable poliovirus virus-like-particle vaccine.  Read more here

Summary of new viruses this week:
:: Afghanistan —two wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1)-positive environmental samples;
:: Pakistan — five WPV1 cases and 18 WPV1-positive environmental samples;
:: Nigeria — five circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2)-positive environmental samples case;
:: DR Congo —  one cVDPV2 case;
:: Angola—  one cVDPV2 case and four cVDPV2 isolated from healthy community contacts.

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Editor’s Note:
WHO has posted a refreshed emergencies page which presents an updated listing of Grade 3,2,1 emergencies as below.

WHO Grade 3 Emergencies [to 6 Jul 2019]

Democratic Republic of the Congo
:: More than a million people to be vaccinated in phase 2 of a huge cholera vaccination campaign in the Democratic Republic of the Congo 3 July 2019
:: 48: Situation report on the Ebola outbreak in North Kivu 2 July 2019
:: Disease Outbreak News (DONs} Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo
4 July 2019
[See DRC Ebola+ above for detail]

Syrian Arab Republic
:: WHO delivers healthcare to displaced people in north-west Syrian Arab Republic
2 July 2019

Yemen
:: WHO supports emergency medical care in Al Thawra Hospital, Sana’a, Yemen
2 July 2019

Mozambique floods – No new digest announcements identified
Nigeria – No new digest announcements identified
Myanmar – No new digest announcements identified
Somalia – No new digest announcements identified
South Sudan – No new digest announcements identified

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WHO Grade 2 Emergencies [to 6 Jul 2019]

Ethiopia
:: Ethiopia sets new standards for the management of acute malnutrition 26 June 2019

Afghanistan – No new digest announcements identified
Bangladesh – Rakhine conflict – No new digest announcements identified
Cameroon – No new digest announcements identified
Central African Republic – No new digest announcements identified
Cyclone Idai – No new digest announcements identified
Iran floods 2019 – No new digest announcements identified
Iraq – No new digest announcements identified
Libya – No new digest announcements identified
Malawi floods – No new digest announcements identified
MERS-CoV – No new digest announcements identified
Niger – No new digest announcements identified
occupied Palestinian territory – No new digest announcements identified
Sudan – No new digest announcements identified
Ukraine – No new digest announcements identified
Zimbabwe – No new digest announcements identified

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WHO Grade 1 Emergencies [to 6 Jul 2019]

Angola – No new digest announcements identified
Chad – No new digest announcements identified
Djibouti – No new digest announcements identified
Indonesia – Sulawesi earthquake 2018 – No new digest announcements identified
Kenya – No new digest announcements identified
Mali – No new digest announcements identified
Namibia – viral hepatitis – No new digest announcements identified
Tanzania – No new digest announcements identified

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UN OCHA – L3 Emergencies
The UN and its humanitarian partners are currently responding to three ‘L3’ emergencies. This is the global humanitarian system’s classification for the response to the most severe, large-scale humanitarian crises. 
Syrian Arab Republic
:: Syria: Humanitarian Response in Al Hol camp, Situation Report No. 5 – As of 5 July 2019
Published on 05 Jul 2019
HIGHLIGHTS
:: The camp population is at 70,097 individuals or 19,824 households, as of 26 June; more than 90% are children and women. The decrease in numbers from 73,782 four weeks ago, is the result of updated distribution figures, a slight increase in repatriation of 3rd country nationals and the return of hundreds of internally displaced Syrians to Raqqa governorate.
:: A total of 35 humanitarian partners; UN agencies and other humanitarian organisations, are delivering a range of services and activities in the camp. Needs remain considerable across all sectors; such as in protection, health, water, sanitation and hygiene, shelter and education. Water quantity and quality, poor hygiene conditions, inadequate feeding habits and limited health services pose challenges.
:: Past month has seen a slight increase in acute malnutrition, and a sharp increase in acute diarrhea. However, overall emergency thresholds have not been breached and assistance efforts remain within SPHERE standards…
:: Humanitarian access to the annexes hosting some 11,000 foreign nationals, who are not Iraqi nor Syrian, has slightly improved although it remains restricted, particularly in the evening and during night time – and continues to impact and prevent delivery of services 24/7. More approvals are being granted to humanitarian actors to access the annexes and one INGO already has a static health center in an annex.

Yemen – No new digest announcements identified

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UN OCHA – Corporate Emergencies
When the USG/ERC declares a Corporate Emergency Response, all OCHA offices, branches and sections provide their full support to response activities both at HQ and in the field.
Editor’s Note:
Ebola in the DRC has bene added as a OCHA “Corporate Emergency” this week:
CYCLONE IDAI and Kenneth – No new digest announcements identified
EBOLA OUTBREAK IN THE DRC – No new digest announcements identified