2017 Illicit Trade Report – World Customs Organization (WCO)

2017 Illicit Trade Report
World Customs Organization (WCO)
November 2018 :: 205 pages
PDF: http://www.wcoomd.org/-/media/wco/public/global/pdf/topics/enforcement-and-compliance/activities-and-programmes/illicit-trade-report/itr_2017_en.pdf?db=web
Since its inception in 2012, the World Customs Organization’s (WCO) annual Illicit Trade Report
has aimed to contribute to the study of the phenomenon of illicit trade through in-depth analysis of seizure data and case studies voluntarily submitted by Member Customs administrations from around the globe. By quantifying and mapping the situation in six key areas of Customs enforcement (cultural heritage, drugs, environment, intellectual property rights/health and safety, revenue assurance and
security), it is hoped that this Report will provide a better understanding of current cross-border
criminal activities and contribute to information currently available on illicit trade.

The Report is composed of six sections relating to key areas of risks in the context of Customs enforcement:
– Illicit trafficking of stolen or looted cultural objects that include both archaeological objects and works of art;
– Drug trafficking, including cultivation, manufacture, distribution and sale of substances subject to drug prohibition laws;
– Environmental risks relating to trafficking of endangered species, hazardous and toxic waste, ozone-depleting substances, and trading of indigenous or protected timber, etc.;
– Intellectual Property Rights (IPR), and health and safety risks relating to trade in counterfeit or illicit goods, particularly products which pose a serious threat to health and safety, such as
pharmaceuticals (including veterinary medicines), foodstuffs, toys and sub-standard items (such as electrical components and spare parts);
– Revenue risks, including leakage, through the smuggling of highly taxed goods such as tobacco, alcohol and motor spirits, plus commercial fraud activities such as under-valuation, misuse of origin and preferential duties, misclassification and drawback fraud;
– Security risks, including terrorism, proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, trafficking of small arms and explosives, and diversion of dual-use goods