Emergencies

Emergencies
 
POLIO
Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC)
Polio this week as of 19 June 2018 [GPEI]
:: Advance notification of cVDPV1 in Papua New Guinea:  Following identification last month of an AFP case from which VDPV type 1 had been isolated, genetic sequencing of two VDPV1s from two non-household contacts of the AFP case, has now confirmed that VDPV1 is circulating and will be officially classified as a  ‘circulating’ VDPV type 1 (cVDPV1).  The National Department of Health (NDOH) is closely working with the GPEI partners in launching a comprehensive response. The cVDPV1 will be officially reported in next week’s data.
::  Advance notification of new cVDPV2 in DR Congo:  Advance notification of a new cVDPV2 case was received this week from Ituri province, in the north-east of DR Congo, close to the border with Uganda.  Initial investigations are ongoing, but early reports are that the child had onset of paralysis on 5 May 2018, and has a recent travel history with Haut Katanga.  Genetic sequencing indicates the case is linked to the Haut Lomami/Tanganika/Haut Katanga outbreak. The case will be officially reported in next week’s data.

Summary of newly-reported viruses this week:
Pakistan: Three wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) positive environmental samples reported
Afghanistan: Two wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) positive environmental samples reported
Somalia: One circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) environmental sample reported

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WHO Grade 3 Emergencies  [to 23 Jun 2018]
Yemen 
:: WHO continues life-saving support to Yemen’s blood transfusion centres
On the occasion of World Blood Donor Day 2018, WHO reaffirms the need of having an adequate blood supply to meet the needs of patients14 June 2018 – It has been over 3 years since Yemen was hit by one of the world’s worst humanitarian crises. The crisis has worsened an already the appalling health situation. Conditions in the blood transfusion centres across the country are no different, further aggravated by the ongoing conflict and facing the threat of closure due to shortages in essential blood bags and reagents.
WHO is working hard to prevent the closure of these centres, scaling up support for the supply of safe blood products in Yemen. In 2017–2018, WHO provided over 130 000 blood bags and various types of laboratory reagents to the national blood transfusion centre, maintained the provision of services in Sana’a, and helped in re-opening the other branches in Ibb, Hudydah and Aden…

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WHO Grade 2 Emergencies  [to 23 Jun 2018]
[Several emergency pages were not available at inquiry]

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UN OCHA – L3 Emergencies
The UN and its humanitarian partners are currently responding to three ‘L3’ emergencies. This is the global humanitarian system’s classification for the response to the most severe, large-scale humanitarian crises. 
Yemen 
:: Yemen: Al Hudaydah Update Situation Report No. 4, 22 June 2018
HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES
:: Fighting and airstrikes are continuing in Al Hudaydah City and in southern districts. Casualties are reported.
:: More people are fleeing areas of conflict and seeking shelter in safer locations, including in the capital, Sana’a
:: IDPs from Al Hudaydah City have arrived in the capital, Sana’a. Total figures on displacement are not available yet as humanitarian organisations are verifying the IDPS.
:: Humanitarian partners have ramped up rapid response activities amid security and access constraints

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UN OCHA – Corporate Emergencies
When the USG/ERC declares a Corporate Emergency Response, all OCHA offices, branches and sections provide their full support to response activities both at HQ and in the field.
Ethiopia 
:: Ethiopia Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 55 | 4 – 17 June 2018
:: Ethiopia: Oromia – Somali Conflict-Induced Displacement – Situation Report No. 4 (20 June 2018)

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Editor’s Note:
We will cluster these recent emergencies as below and continue to monitor the WHO webpages for updates and key developments.

MERS-CoV [to 23 Jun 2018]
http://who.int/emergencies/mers-cov/en/
DONs
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia
18 June 2018
Between 12 January through 31 May 2018, the National IHR Focal Point of The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia reported 75 laboratory confirmed cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS_CoV), including twenty-three (23) deaths…