Alternative Approaches to the Governance of Transnational Labor Recruitment (

International Migration Review
Summer 2016 Volume 50, Issue 2 Pages 267–533, e17–e32
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/imre.2016.50.issue-2/issuetoc

.
IMMIGRATION POLICIES: STATE, CHURCH, AND NON-GOVERNMENTAL ACTORS
Alternative Approaches to the Governance of Transnational Labor Recruitment (pages 269–314)
Patricia Pittman
Version of Record online: 11 FEB 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/imre.12164
Abstract
As globalization advances, the governance challenges relating to cross-border labor recruitment have also grown. Transnational companies that manage the employment-based migration process often take advantage of individuals seeking work abroad. While some states have implemented recruitment regulations, a combination of jurisdictional constraints and economic interests have limited states’ capacity and political will to take action. Supplemental strategies are emerging led by international organizations, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), labor unions, and corporate trade groups. This paper reviews the strengths and weaknesses of strategies led by each of these different types of actors and explores potential synergies among them.