Women, Business and the Law 2016: Getting to Equal
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank
October 2105 :: 272 pages
Getting to Equal measures legal and regulatory barriers to women’s entrepreneurship and employment in 173 economies. It provides quantitative measures of laws and regulations that affect women’s economic opportunities in seven areas: accessing institutions, using property, getting a job, providing incentives to work, going to court, building credit and protecting women from violence.
Highlights from Women, Business and the Law 2016
:: Legal gender differences are widespread: 155 of the 173 economies covered have at least one law impeding women’s economic opportunities.
:: The total number of legal gender differences across 173 economies is 943.
:: In 100 economies, women face gender-based job restrictions.
:: 46 of the economies covered have no laws specifically protecting women from domestic violence.
:: In 18 economies, husbands can legally prevent their wives from working.
:: Lower legal gender equality is associated with fewer girls attending secondary school relative to boys, fewer women working or running businesses and a wider gender wage gap.
:: Over the past two years, 65 economies carried out 94 reforms increasing women’s economic opportunities.