From Google Scholar+ [to 12 July 2014]
Selected content from beyond the journals and sources covered above, aggregated from a range of Google Scholar monitoring algorithms and other monitoring strategies.
(Google eBook) Humanitarian Architecture: 15 stories of architects working after disaster
Routledge, Jun 27, 2014 – 264 pages
Never has the demand been so urgent for architects to respond to the design and planning challenges of rebuilding post-disaster sites and cities. In 2011, more people were displaced by natural disasters (42 million) than by wars and armed conflicts. And yet the number of architects equipped to deal with rebuilding the aftermath of these floods, fires, earthquake, typhoons and tsunamis is chronically short.
Commentary on: Surgical skills needed for humanitarian missions in resource-limited settings: Common operative procedures performed at Médecins Sans Frontières facilities
Robert L. Sheridan, MD
United States Army Reserve; Burn Unit Director, Boston Shriners Hospital for Children, Department of Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA
Accepted: May 6, 2014; Published Online: June 28, 2014
I HAPPENED TO BE A SURGEON-VOLUNTEER at the Partners-in-Health surgical hospital in Canges Haiti when the January 2010 earthquake struck. In the ensuing days I had the opportunity to help as a stunned Partners-in-Health team managed a large influx of patients, most with major crush injuries, many presenting days later. I should not have been surprised by the frequency of post-rhabdomyolysis–induced renal failure, but I was. We all were. However, Doctors Without Borders (Medecins Sans Frontieres [MSF]) was not surprised. Not only were they not surprised, they were prepared. Just a few days after the quake, they had flown in and set up a field dialysis center to which we began to send patients dying from renal failure. From prior experience, they knew this would be an important yet treatable problem among survivors. And they were ready to act….
Millennium – Journal of International Studies
June 27, 2014 0305829814529470
The Rise of the Humanitarian Drone: Giving Content to an Emerging Concept
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik, PRIO, Norway
Kjersti Lohne, University of Oslo, Norway
This article explores and attempts to define the emerging concept of the humanitarian drone by critically examining actual and anticipated transfers of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), or drones, from the global battlespace to the humanitarian emergency zone. Focusing on the relationship between the diffusion of new technology and institutional power, we explore the humanitarian drone as a ‘war dividend’ arising from the transfer of surveillance UAVs, cargo-carrying UAVs and weaponised UAVs. We then reflect on the ways in which military practices and rationales guiding drone deployment may also shape humanitarian use, giving particular attention to the concept of surgical precision, the implications of targeting logic, and the ambiguous role of distance. Next, we consider the broader implications for humanitarian action, including the promise of global justice and improved aid delivery. Finally, we analyse the most difficult aspect of the humanitarian drone: namely, its political currency as a ‘humanitarian weapon’ in conflict scenarios.
International Journal of Supply Chain Management
Vol. 3, No. 2, June 2014
[PDF] Improving Volunteer Productivity and Retention during Humanitarian Relief Efforts
K Lassiter, A Alwahishie, K Taaffe
In the aftermath of a disaster, humanitarian organizations quickly assemble a workforce that can immediately serve a community’s needs. However, these needs change over time, and the volunteer base (and their skill sets) also changes over time. In this paper, a
mathematical programming model is formulated to solve a volunteer assignment problem in which beneficiaries’ needs are addressed based on how many volunteers are assigned to each of the levels of needs. In addition, we also examine the changes in these volunteer assignments based on several key cost parameters, need likelihood scenarios, and volunteer training opportunities. Under various demand scenarios, the optimum decision is to begin training some unskilled volunteers early in the response period even when the short-term, unskilled task demands are still high, in preparation for the more skilled, long-term task demands that are yet to come. Humanitarian relief organization managers who generally feel as though a peak of long-term/skilled volunteer task demands will come at some point during the disaster response should strongly consider allowing volunteer training assignments.
Volume 11, Issue 3, 2014
Special Issue: Global Governance, Legitimacy and (De)Legitimation
Business–humanitarian partnerships: Processes of normative legitimation
Liliana B. Andonovaa* & Gilles Carbonniera*
Published online: 24 Jun 2014
There has been a surge of business–humanitarian partnerships (BHPs) in the contemporary era of globalization and rebalancing of power between states and non-state actors. The rationale of BHPs rests both on ethical and effectiveness principles. The article therefore argues for a broad normative approach drawing on three general sources of legitimacy: procedures, relative effectiveness, and the fit of new partnership governance with moral standards that pertain to the relevant policy arena. We focus on the partnership initiatives of UNICEF and the International Movement of the Red Cross and Red Crescent with the aim of assessing how their normative legitimation has been pursued. Our study reveals that while humanitarian agencies have adopted clear principles and procedures to safeguard the normative integrity and procedural legitimacy of partnerships with for-profit entities, the agencies find it much more difficult to assess and credibly communicate the outcome and comparative worth of such collaboration.