SOS-Kinderdorf International [to 24 May 2014]

SOS-Kinderdorf International [to 24 May 2014]

Emergency Response Underway in Flooded Balkans
21.05.2014 – SOS Children´s Villages is on the ground and responding with emergency relief to children and families in Balkan regions hard hit by the floods and landslides.

Balkan Floods Recovery Expected to Take Years
21.05.2014 – Flooding and landslides in Bosnia & Herzegovina, Serbia and Croatia are being described as the biggest natural disaster in 120 years. Massive recovery efforts are needed.

Children’s Villages ‏@sos4children May 23
What is SOS Children doing to improve #education in #India? …

Children’s Villages ‏@sos4children May 19
As the worst floods since records began hit the Balkans, we’re happy to report that all SOS families are safe …

St. Christopher’s Hospice [to 24 May 2014]

St. Christopher’s Hospice [to 24 May 2014]

St Christopher’s deliver the UK’s first stand-alone university-validated programmes in childhood bereavement
Published on Tuesday, 20 May 2014
St Christopher’s Hospice and Help the Hospices are working in partnership to deliver the UK’s first stand-alone university-validated programmes in childhood bereavement.
The next intake for the Childhood Bereavement Diploma/Postgraduate Certificate will be in September 2014 at St Christopher’s Hospice, Sydenham.

The summer edition of the St Christopher’s Group newsletter Connections now available online
Published on Tuesday, 20 May 2014

Tostan [to 24 May 2014]

Tostan [to 24 May 2014]

Press Release: Senegal celebrates the International Day to End Obstetric Fistula on Friday, May 23, 2014 in Kolda
May 22, 2014
Dakar, Senegal
The NGOs AMREF Health Africa, Handicap International, and Tostan, in partnership with the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), the Senegalese Ministry of Women, Family, and Children, and the Ministry of Health and Social Action in Senegal, organized a day of social mobilization in Ndorna (Kolda region) with the theme “Let us prevent fistula.”…

Tostan @Tostan May 23
With @Fistula_Fdtn, we led research to first identify who had fistula & then help them get treatment #EndFistula

Tostan @Tostan May 23
A5: #Childmarriage & #fistula are linked. “To #endfistula, we need to abandon marriages before the age of 18” – @MollyJMelching

Tostan @Tostan May 23
A3 Through partnerships w/ @Fistula_Fdtn @AMREF_Worldwide @HI_france @UNFPA we’re raising awareness of prevention & treatment. #EndFistula

Tostan @Tostan May 23
Obstetric #fistula impacts 2mil women worldwide. Join the #EndFistula chat today at 1pmET to learn how we can end it.

Tostan @Tostan May 20
Our founder @MollyJMelching shares why careful listening is key to starting & scaling social change in the @SSIReview:

United Nations – Selected Meetings Coverage and Press Releases [to 24 May 2014]

United Nations – Selected Meetings Coverage and Press Releases [to 24 May 2014]

Committee Grants Special Consultative Status to 15 Non-Governmental Organizations, While Deferring Action on Applications of 38 Others (23 May 2014)
The Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations today recommended 15 organizations for special consultative status with the Economic and Social Council, and deferred action on 38 others.

Growth-Driven Quality Jobs Key to Reducing Poverty in Post-2015 Era, Delegates Stress during General Assembly Meeting (23 May 2014)
Sustained, inclusive growth aimed at creating decent, quality jobs for the millions of unemployed, underemployed and informally employed people around the world was the key to reducing poverty in the post-2015 era, speakers in the General Assembly said today.

Permanent Forum on Indigenous Peoples Concludes Thirteenth Session, Forwarding Several Reports for Adoption by Economic and Social Council (23 May 2014)
The Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues concluded its thirteenth session today, sending nine draft reports to the Economic and Social Council containing proposals, recommendations and five draft decisions, including a call for the General Assembly President to act swiftly to ensure the fullest participation of indigenous peoples in all aspects of the World Conference set for September.

Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations Recommends Status for Nine Entities, Defers 33 (22 May 2014)

Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations Recommends Status for 32 Entities, Defers 30 (21 May 2014)

Attention in Permanent Forum Shifts to Safeguarding Indigenous Peoples’ Inclusion in Shaping Post-2015 Development Agenda (21 May 2014)

‘Do Not Lose Hope’ if Efforts to Embed Respect for Indigenous Rights in National Processes Do Not Yield Immediate Results, Permanent Forum Told (20 May 2014)

Reaffirming World’s Commitment to Youth, General Assembly Adopts Resolution on Commemorating Children’s Rights Convention (20 May 2014)

Press Releases
Secretary-General, at General Assembly Meeting, Stresses Need to Make Employment ‘A Priority, Not an Afterthought’ (23 May 2014)

On Africa Day, More Must Be Done to Unleash Continent’s Agricultural Potential, Says Secretary-General, Pledging Continued United Nations Support (23 May 2014)

Security Council Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee Adds Boko Haram to Its Sanctions List (22 May 2014)

West Africa No Mere Transit Route for Drug Traffickers, but Also Growing Destination, Secretary-General Says in Message to Regional Conference (22 May 2014)

Society Can Only Be as Healthy as Its Mothers, Children, Secretary-General Tells China’s National Health and Family Planning Commission (22 May 2014)

Condemning Attacks in Nigeria, Secretary-General Seeks Government Proposals on How United Nations Can Help Secure Release of Abducted Girls (21 May 2014)

Good Intentions Must Be Translated into Credible Action, Secretary-General Tells Participants, as Pacific Regional Seminar on Decolonization Begins in Fiji (21 May 2014)

Adopt, Adapt, Scale up Best Practices to Protect Ecosystems amid ‘Unprecedented’ Loss of Island Biodiversity, Secretary-General Urges in Observance Message (21 May 2014)

Secretary-General, in Observance Message, Calls Obstetric Fistula ‘a Stark Reflection of Inequality at Its Worst’ (21 May 2014)

Wide Gap Remains between Targets, Policy Delivery on Global Development Partnership, Deputy Secretary-General Tells General Assembly Event (21 May 2014)

Concerned by Devastating Floods in Balkans, Secretary-General Thanks Member States for Prompt Response, Including Relief Teams, Civil-Military Support (20 May 2014)

UNICEF [to 24 May 2014]

UNICEF [to 24 May 2014]

Media Releases [selected]
Rising costs in Myanmar put strain on UNICEF’s resources in Yangon
YANGON, Myanmar, 22 May 2014 – The end of foreign sanctions and the opening up of Myanmar has benefitted millions of children paving the way for greater progress, however they have also led to higher operational costs for UN agencies and other aid organizations.

UNICEF appoints Parreira as UNICEF Brazil Champion for the Right to Safe and Inclusive Sports
BRASÍLIA/RIO DE JANEIRO, 22 May 2014 – UNICEF today appointed Carlos Alberto Parreira, the technical director of Brazil’s national football team, as UNICEF Brazil Champion for the Right to Safe and Inclusive Sports. As of today, Parreira becomes part of the team of celebrities supporting UNICEF’s work in Brazil in defending and promoting the rights of children and adolescents.

Statement on the United States Government’s announcement on vaccination campaigns
NEW YORK, 20 May 2014 – “WHO and UNICEF appreciate the commitment by the U.S. Government to stop making operational use of immunization campaigns.

Almost 3 million newborns could be saved each year – UNICEF
NEW YORK, 20 May 2014 – A ground-breaking series of papers released by The Lancet at UNICEF Headquarters today shows that the majority of the almost 3 million children who die before they turn one month old could be saved if they received quality care around the time of birth – with a particular focus on the most vulnerable and under-served.

New Lancet Series finds counting births and deaths is an indicator of progress towards ending 3 million preventable infant deaths
LONDON, 20 May 2014 – Each year, 5.5 million babies enter and leave the world without being recorded and one in three newborns—over 45 million babies—do not have a birth certificate by their first birthday. Babies who are stillborn, born too early, or who die soon after birth are least likely to be registered, even in high-income countries.

Cholera cases rapidly multiplying in South Sudan
JUBA, South Sudan, 19 May 2014 – The caseload of cholera is rapidly increasing in South Sudan and the deadly, highly contagious disease appears to be spreading, UNICEF said today.

UNICEF fears the worst for hundreds of thousands of children in South Sudan
OSLO, 18 May 2014 – On the eve of the Oslo Humanitarian Pledging Conference, UNICEF warned that hundreds of thousands of children in South Sudan’s three most conflict-affected states are at imminent risk of death and disease, including the threat of cholera.

UNOCHA [to 24 May 2014]

UNOCHA [to 24 May 2014]

Press Releases
21 May 2014
Philippines: Support needed for 64,000 people displaced in Zamboanga
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Philippines Office of the United Nations Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator in the Philippines Eight months after 120,000 people fled fighting in the west of Zamboanga City, more than half remain displaced and in need of continued humanitarian support. (Manila, 21 May 2014): Eight months after fighting broke out between a faction of the Moro National Liberation Front and the Armed Forces of the Philippines in…

20 May 2014
South Sudan: Donors pledge more than $600 million for Humanitarian Response to South Sudan Crisis
Source: Government of Norway, UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan, Uganda, South Sudan (Oslo, 20 May 2014): The international donor community today raised more than US$600 million in pledges to scale up humanitarian response to the South Sudan crisis at a conference hosted by Norway in collaboration with the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). “These generous pledges will, once paid, translate into life-saving…

20 May 2014
South Sudan: High-Level Humanitarian Conference on South Sudan – Joint Communiqué
Source: Government of Norway, UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan, Uganda, South Sudan Following the 12 April “Call for Action issued in Washington, D.C., over 300 representatives from South Sudan, donor governments, regional organisations, international and national NGOs and UN agencies gathered at a high-level conference co-chaired by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the United Nations Office for the Coordination of…

19 May 2014
South Sudan: Under-Secretary-General Valerie Amos Remarks to the Pledging Conference on South Sudan, Oslo, 20 May 2014
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan, Uganda, South Sudan I would first like to thank Mr. Børge Brende [Norwegian Foreign Minister] for his personal commitment to the people of South Sudan, and thank the Government of Norway for its continued commitment and their generous pledge. Excellencies, Ministers, Colleagues, Ladies and Gentlemen, Thank you all very much for coming to Oslo today to show support to the millions of South Sudanese…

19 May 2014
Serbia: Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Valerie Amos: Statement on Balkan Floods
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Serbia (New York/Geneva, 18 May 2014) I am very concerned by the devastating floods in Serbia, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Croatia, which have so far claimed more than 35 lives and affected hundreds of thousands of people. Reportedly the worst floods in the Balkans in decades, emergency responders fear that more rain could lead to further rises in water levels, additional storm surges and…

WHO & Regionals [to 24 May 2014]

WHO & Regionals [to 24 May 2014]

WHO: Sixty-seventh World Health Assembly [WHA]
Key interviews, video, the WHA Journal and all documentation available here:
:: Closing remarks at the Sixty-seventh World Health Assembly
Dr Margaret Chan, Director-General of the World Health Organization
24 May 2014 Geneva, Switzerland

67th WHA News Releases:
:: World Health Assembly progress on noncommunicable diseases and traditional medicine 23 May 2014
:: World Health Assembly approves resolution on hepatitis and mechanism to coordinate noncommunicable disease response 22 May 2014
:: World Health Assembly approves monitoring framework for maternal and child nutrition 21 May 2014
:: World Health Assembly guest speakers focus on gender-based violence and newborn health 20 May 2014
:: World Health Assembly opens: Director-General announces new initiative to end childhood obesity 19 May 2014

WHO: Humanitarian Health Action [to 24 May 2014]
:: Cholera in Juba, South Sudan.
– Read the latest cholera outbreak situation report – 21 May 2014
pdf, 2.13Mb
– Read the Ministry of Health press release
pdf, 299kb

UNDP United Nations Development Programme [to 24 May 2014]

UNDP United Nations Development Programme [to 24 May 2014]

21 May 2014
Donors pledge $600 million to bolster UN-led aid response to South Sudan crisis
As part of the humanitarian response, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has agreed to help mitigate the crisis by providing emergency employment to affected and displaced people, helping people move home and address the underlying causes of the conflict by helping communities to mediate and settle disputes peacefully.

21 May 2014
Helen Clark: Keynote Address at the High-level Event of the General Assembly on the “Contributions of North-South, South-South, Triangular Co-operation, and ICT for Development to the Implementation of the Post-2015 Agenda”
United Nations, New York

21 May 2014
Voting for their future – young people voice their priorities in the My World 2015 Survey
Some 50 young people recently gathered together in a Skopje café with United Nation’s Human Rights Advisor Silva Pesic, and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Youth Project Coordinator Dejan Dokuzovski, to learn more about the UN’s Universal Periodic Review and to offer their own input into the post-2015 agenda.

20 May 2014
UNDP: Flooding unearths landmine danger
Record flooding in the Balkans region in recent days could increase the risk of injuries and deaths from landmine accidents in Bosnia and Herzegovina, says the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and BH Mine Action Centre (BHMAC).

19 May 2014
UNDP highlights the importance of competition in increasing access to health technologies
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) released a new guidebook today encouraging low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to make greater use of competition law and policy to increase access to HIV treatment and other health technologies.

19 May 2014
Helen Clark: Statement at the Opening of the 18th session of the High-Level Committee on South-South Co-operation
United Nations, New York

19 May 2014
African countries need to tap global markets more effectively to strengthen their economies
By participating more effectively in the global production of goods and services, Africa can transform its economy and achieve a development breakthrough, according to the latest African Economic Outlook, released at the African Development Bank Group’s Annual Meetings.

19 May 2014
Key partnership delivering development results: India, Brazil, South Africa and the United Nations
The Ambassadors of India, Brazil and South Africa to the United Nations, the United Nations Secretary-General and the Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) highlighted the achievements of their joint activities carried out through the India, Brazil and South Africa Facility for Poverty and Hunger Alleviation, known as the IBSA Fund.

UN Women [to 24 May 2014]

UN Women [to 24 May 2014]

Media Advisory: UN Women Executive Director and AU Special Envoy visit Central African Republic
Posted on May 23, 2014
From 24 – 26 May, UN Women Executive Director and United Nations Under-Secretary General, Dr. Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, and African Union Special Envoy for Women Peace and Security, Bineta Diop, will undertake a joint visit to the Central African Republic. The visit’s aim is to focus international attention on the plight of women and girls, increase international support, and strengthen the role of women in peacebuilding, reconciliation and recovery. More

UN Women calls on global citizens to bring gender equality into focus
Posted on May 22, 2014
UN Women today launched a major campaign in the lead-up to the commemoration of the 20th anniversary of the historic Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing. A year of activities around the world will aim to mobilize governments and citizens alike to picture a world where gender equality is a reality and to join a global conversation on empowering women to empower humanity. More

UN Women Executive Director urges investing in gender equality during mission to Rwanda
Posted on May 21, 2014
UN Women Executive Director Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka is in Rwanda to attend the African Development Bank Annual Meetings and to introduce the gender dividend to key financial institutions and policymakers. During her visit she met with the H.E President of the Republic of Rwanda, ministers and representatives of other government institutions, civil society organizations and regional African institutions. More

On solidarity mission, UN Women Executive Director visits girls school in Nigeria
Posted on May 19, 2014
In the wake of the horrific abduction of more than 200 school girls, which has ignited global outrage, UN Women Executive Director Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka joined a delegation that visited the Federal Government Girls College (FGGC) in the town of Abaji, Nigeria, from 17-18 May. The FGGC Abaji is one of the Federal Government’s all-girls colleges similar to the FGGC Chibok, where more than 200 students were kidnapped on 14 April, in Chibok, Nigeria. More

UNFPA United Nations Population Fund [to 24 May 2014]

UNFPA United Nations Population Fund [to 24 May 2014]

23 May 2014 – Dispatch
In Nepal, fight against obstetric fistula marches on
DHARAN, Nepal – Dhani Devi Mukhiya remembers the days when her relatives shunned her in public and her husband threatened to bring home another wife. For some of the villagers in her community in Nepal, the obstetric fistula that she lived with for seven years was ‘punishment for a sin’ she had committed in her ‘previous life’. more

22 May 2014 – Dispatch
A new lease on life for women living with obstetric fistula in Afghanistan
KABUL, Afghanistan – “I was 15 years old when I got married, and my husband was 22. My sister-in-law saw me at one of my relative’s wedding and made all the arrangements for her brother to have me,” Sharifa recalls. Forty years later, she describes this as the start of a life derailed by obstetric fistula. more

22 May 2014 – Statement
Statement on the International Day to End Obstetric Fistula
UNITED NATIONS, New York – The theme of this year’s International Day to End Obstetric Fistula, “Tracking Fistula – Transforming Lives,” reflects an important step forward in eradicating this preventable condition, which affects an estimated two million women and girls in developing countries. more

21 May 2014 – Dispatch
Holding out a hand: Youth-to-youth initiative making a difference in Mongolia
ZAVKHAN PROVINCE, Mongolia – “Y-Peer saved my life. For that, I am so thankful,” says Oyuka, recalling a time when she contemplated suicide. That was before Enkhbat, an educator with the youth peer education programme Y-Peer, reached out to her and saved her life. more

19 May 2014 – Dispatch
In South Sudan, 200,000 pregnant women may need urgent care
UNITED NATIONS, New York – Amid escalating conflict, some 30,000 women in South Sudan are at risk of dying in childbirth, according to estimates by UNFPA, and 200,000 pregnant women will be in need of urgent care before the end of the year. more

19 May 2014 – Statement
Providing Support for the Chibok Girls and their Families
UNITED NATIONS, New York – UNFPA will be leading a coalition of partners to provide health and psychosocial services to the young girls who were kidnapped from their school in Chibok, Nigeria, as soon as they are returned to their families. more

UNESCO [to 24 May 2014]

UNESCO [to 24 May 2014]

24 May 2014
:: Director-General Participates in the UN Rule of Law Coordination and Resource Group

23 May 2014
:: Media organizations of Central America issue Recommendations for Post-2015 Development Agenda in the region
:: UNESCO Director-General confirms US$100,000 contribution for the Museum of Islamic Art in Cairo

22 May 2014
:: Agriculture: Focus of Africa Week at UNESCO
:: IFAP adopts recommendations and elects new Chairperson and Bureau to guide its work
:: Joining together to celebrate safer and more resilient schools and communities (UNESCO Press, Hanoi)

21 May 2014
:: Director-General Presents Vision of Post-2015 to G77 in New York
:: Director-General concerned about the impact of the floods in South-East Europe

FAO Food & Agriculture Organization [to 24 May 2014]

FAO Food & Agriculture Organization [to 24 May 2014]

FAO and OIE boost collaboration on animal health
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) today pledged to step up their existing collaboration to control animal disease, ensure the safety of food from animal origin and promote safe trade.

MERS Coronavirus: Stepped up research into role of camels and other animals urged
Expert meeting in Oman leads to guidance on investigating transmission routes and stemming spread of the disease.

FAO responds to devastating flooding in the Balkans
In response to recent devastating floods affecting Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia as well as Croatia, FAO is assessing the potentially extensive damage to livestock, crops and rural infrastructure. The Serbian government has already indicated that agriculture is among the hardest hit sectors.

FAO urges global commitment to tackle world’s nutrition challenges
FAO Director-General José Graziano da Silva today called on countries to put nutrition high on their national and international agendas, and to take a lead role in the upcoming Second International Conference on Nutrition (ICN2).

South Sudan facing risk of famine
South Sudan is at a risk of famine unless humanitarian assistance is provided now, FAO Deputy Director-General for Operations Dan Gustafson told a humanitarian pledging conference for the country in Oslo.

Report highlights growing role of fish in feeding the world
More people than ever before rely on fisheries and aquaculture for food and as a source of income, but harmful practices and poor management threaten the sector’s sustainability, says a new FAO report published today.

USAID [to 24 May 2014]

USAID [to 24 May 2014]

Press Releases
USAID Pledges to Improve Nutrition for Millions of Children and Mothers with New Approach
May 22, 2014
The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) announced today a new effort to reduce the number of chronically malnourished or stunted children by at least 2 million over the next five years and hold global acute malnutrition below the agreed emergency threshold of 15 percent in places with humanitarian crises, like South Sudan and the Central African Republic. Overall, the new 360-degree approach unveiled today by National Security Advisor Susan Rice and USAID Administrator Rajiv Shah will cut the rate of stunting by 20 percent in places where USAID works.

U.S. Pledges Additional Humanitarian Assistance to South Sudan
May 20, 2014
The United States today announced nearly $300 million in humanitarian assistance to help the people of South Sudan who have been placed at risk by the conflict that began last December. The additional funding was announced at the Humanitarian Pledging Conference for South Sudan in Oslo, Norway where we joined more than 40 other countries in pledging support to help those displaced inside the country, as well as those who have fled to neighboring countries.

USAID Administrator to Provide Keynote Remarks at the Chicago Council Global Food Symposium
May 19, 2014
On THURSDAY, MAY 22, U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Administrator Rajiv Shah will give remarks during the luncheon program at the Chicago Council Global Food Symposium 2014 in Washington, D.C. The topic of Administrator Shah’s remarks is, “Tackling Extreme Poverty at the Roots: A New Model of Development.” The Hon. Dan Glickman, former Secretary of Agriculture, will introduce Administrator Shah. Following Shah’s remarks, the Administrator will join Dr. Agnes Kalibata, Minister of Agriculture and Animal Resources for the Republic of Rwanda, in a discussion moderated by Roger Thurow, Senior Fellow, The Chicago Council on Global Affairs.

USAID, Texas A&M Invest $5 Million to Combat Coffee Rust Crisis
May 19, 2014
Plant Disease Threatens Production and Jobs for Millions in Latin America & the Caribbean
The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) today announced a $5 million partnership with Texas A&M University’s World Coffee Research to eliminate coffee rust, a plant disease that has caused more than $1 billion in economic damage across Latin America and the Caribbean since 2012 and seriously threatens the livelihoods and food security of those who make their living in the coffee industry, especially small farmers.

Feed the Future Initiative Reduces Hunger and Poverty for Millions, Boosts Incomes and Nutrition around the World
May 19, 2014
U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Administrator Rajiv Shah announced today that President Obama’s Feed the Future initiative has reached nearly 7 million smallholder farmers and helped to save 12.5 million children from the threat of hunger, poverty, and malnutrition in just the last year alone.

USAID Unveils Results for President Obama’s Feed the Future Initiative to Reduce Global Hunger and Poverty
May 19, 2014
Plant Disease Threatens Production and Jobs for Millions in Latin America & the Caribbean
Global leaders today praised President Obama’s Feed the Future initiative for reaching nearly 7 million smallholder farmers and helping to save 12.5 million children from the threat of hunger, poverty, and malnutrition in just the last year alone.

World Bank [to 24 May 2014]

World Bank [to 24 May 2014]

May 23, 2014
Africa Water Week in Senegal: Placing Water at the Heart of the Post 2015 Development Agenda
“Water’s centrality to development is no longer debatable – a fact that has been proven throughout history. And yet, water’s social, economic and environmental value is often overlooked … The Africa Water Week is therefore a call to action and positions us to creatively think and act and win,” said Hon. Sarah Reng Ochekpe, AMCOW Interim President and Nigeria’s Minister for Water Resources, during her welcome statement ahead of the May 26th conference opening. Dakar’s Fifth Africa Water Week (dubbed aww-5) has ambitious plans to advance Africa’s core water agenda. It seeks to place a spotlight on water and serve as a platform for improving understanding of why managing resources wisely is key for the post-2015 development framework…

May 20, 2014
Op-Ed: Powering Science and Technology for Africa’s Economic Transformation
As Africans move to cities in ever-growing strength, we must also address unprecedented rates of urbanization and new needs for housing, infrastructure, and agricultural productivity to feed urban residents as well as increase food security in rural areas. On the environment front, Africa, which has contributed the least to climate change, is bearing its disproportionate impact in terms of droughts, floods, rising sea levels which in turn bring economic losses and hardship. At the same time, these challenges also bring opportunities for joint research that would benefit scientists across the world as well in Africa. There is scope for similar research collaboration between African and foreign scientists in medicine and biodiversity, irrigation, engineering, mining and other fields. But here is the challenge. We will only achieve these exciting research coalitions in Africa if we correct a longstanding imbalance in our education systems…

BMC Health Services Research (Accessed 24 May 2014)

BMC Health Services Research
(Accessed 24 May 2014)

Research article
Health-service performance of TB treatment for indigenous and non-indigenous populations in Brazil: a cross-sectional study
Everton Ferreira Lemos, Aline Mara Alves, Giovana de Oliveira, Marcella Paranhos Rodrigues, Natália Daiane Martins, Julio Croda
BMC Health Services Research 2014, 14:237 (23 May 2014)
Abstract | Provisional PDF

Research article
Developing attributes and attribute-levels for a discrete choice experiment on micro health insurance in rural Malawi
Gilbert Abotisem Abiiro, Gerald Leppert, Grace Bongololo Mbera, Paul J Robyn, Manuela De Allegri
BMC Health Services Research 2014, 14:235 (22 May 2014)
Abstract | Provisional PDF

Research article
Gaps in universal health coverage in Malawi: A qualitative study in rural communities
Gilbert Abotisem Abiiro, Grace Bongololo Mbera, Manuela De Allegri
BMC Health Services Research 2014, 14:234 (22 May 2014)
Abstract | Provisional PDF

Knowledge and attitudes of spanish adolescent girls towards human papillomavirus infection: where to intervene to improve vaccination coverage

BMC Public Health
(Accessed 24 May 2014)

Research article
“Knowledge and attitudes of spanish adolescent girls towards human papillomavirus infection: where to intervene to improve vaccination coverage”
Pedro Navarro-Illana, Javier Diez-Domingo, Esther Navarro-Illana, José Tuells, Sara Alemán and Joan Puig-Barberá
Author Affiliations
BMC Public Health 2014, 14:490 doi:10.1186/1471-2458-14-490
Published: 22 May 2014
Abstract (provisional)
HPV vaccine coverage is far from ideal in Valencia, Spain, and this could be partially related to the low knowledge about the disease and the vaccine, therefore we assessed these, as well as the attitude towards vaccination in adolescent girls, and tried to identify independently associated factors that could potentially be modified by an intervention in order to increase vaccine coverage.
A cross sectional study was conducted in a random selection of schools of the Spanish region of Valencia. We asked mothers of 1278 girls, who should have been vaccinated in the 2011 campaign, for informed consent. Those that accepted their daughters’ participation, a questionnaire regarding the Knowledge of HPV infection and vaccine was passed to the girls in the school.
833 mothers (65.1%) accepted participation. All their daughters’ responded the questionnaire. Of those, 89.9% had heard about HPV and they associated it to cervical cancer. Only 14% related it to other problems like genital warts. The knowledge score of the girls who had heard about HPV was 6.1/10. Knowledge was unrelated to the number of contacts with the health system (Pediatrician or nurse), and positively correlated with the discussions with classmates about the vaccine. Adolescents Spanish in origin or with an older sister vaccinated, had higher punctuation. 67% of the girls thought that the vaccine prevented cancer, and 22.6% felt that although prevented cancer the vaccine had important safety problems. 6.4% of the girls rejected the vaccine for safety problems or for not considering themselves at risk of infection. 71.5% of the girls had received at least one vaccine dose. Vaccinated girls scored higher knowledge (p = 0.05).
Knowledge about HPV infection and vaccine was fair in adolescents of Valencia, and is independent to the number of contacts with the health system, it is however correlated to the conversations about the vaccine with their peers and the vaccination status. An action to improve HPV knowledge through health providers might increase vaccine coverage in the adolescents.

Neonatal survival in complex humanitarian emergencies: setting an evidence-based research agenda

Conflict and Health
[Accessed 24 May 2014]

Neonatal survival in complex humanitarian emergencies: setting an evidence-based research agenda
Diane F Morof, Kate Kerber, Barbara Tomczyk, Joy Lawn, Curtis Blanton, Samira Sami and Ribka Amsalu
Author Affiliations
Conflict and Health 2014, 8:8 doi:10.1186/1752-1505-8-8
Published: 20 May 2014
Abstract (provisional)
Over 40% of all deaths among children under 5 are neonatal deaths (0-28 days), and this proportion is increasing. In 2012, 2.9 million newborns died, with 99% occurring in low- and middle-income countries. Many of the countries with the highest neonatal mortality rates globally are currently or have recently been affected by complex humanitarian emergencies. Despite the global burden of neonatal morbidity and mortality and risks inherent in complex emergency situations, research investments are not commensurate to burden and little is known about the epidemiology or best practices for neonatal survival in these settings.
We used the Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative (CHNRI) methodology to prioritize research questions on neonatal health in complex humanitarian emergencies. Experts evaluated 35 questions using four criteria (answerability, feasibility, relevance, equity) with three subcomponents per criterion. Using SAS 9.2, a research prioritization score (RPS) and average expert agreement score (AEA) were calculated for each question.
Twenty-eight experts evaluated all 35 questions. RPS ranged from 0.846 to 0.679 and the AEA ranged from 0.667 to 0.411. The top ten research priorities covered a range of issues but generally fell into two categories- epidemiologic and programmatic components of neonatal health. The highest ranked question in this survey was “What strategies are effective in increasing demand for, and use of skilled attendance?”
In this study, a diverse group of experts used the CHRNI methodology to systematically identify and determine research priorities for neonatal health and survival in complex humanitarian emergencies. The priorities included the need to better understand the magnitude of the disease burden and interventions to improve neonatal health in complex humanitarian emergencies. The findings from this study will provide guidance to researchers and program implementers in neonatal and complex humanitarian fields to engage on the research priorities needed to save lives most at risk.

International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction – Volume 9, In Progress (September 2014)

International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction
Volume 9, In Progress (September 2014)

Multipurpose uses of cyclone shelters: Quest for shelter sustainability and community development
Original Research Article
Pages 1-11
Mohammed Ziaul Haider, Md. Firoz Ahmed
This study tries to identify multipurpose uses of cyclone shelters at Morelgonj and Sarankhola upazila under Bagerhat district of Bangladesh for the quest of shelter sustainability and surrounding community development. Focus Group Discussion (FGD), questionnaire survey and consultation with stakeholders are executed to accomplish the study. The findings demonstrate that people of the shelter catchment areas prefer to consider the shelter as a service providing center instead of a production center. This study finds that decorator service, van rent service with garage and repair facilities, and venue for meeting/training hold the top-three positions, respectively among various alternatives for economic development of the people living in the shelter catchment areas. The quantitative analysis results indicate that a better road infrastructure and access to electricity encourage cyclone shelter-centric space rent related activities, whereas, access to electricity and road infrastructure discourage ‘Shelter Management Committee’ initiated business and production activities in a cyclone shelter, respectively. The study results indicate that shelter-wise yearly income may vary from 400 to 2000 US$ during 2013–2015. The study also finds that exploring cyclone shelter-centric income generating activities solely from a business motive may hamper the prime objective of the shelter – providing shelter to disaster affected people. Therefore, exploring income generating activities through multipurpose uses of cyclone shelters need to be done carefully.

Revisiting the concept of development, disaster and safety management: The Quranic perspective
Review Article
Pages 26-37
Azizan Ramli, Mazlin Mokhtar, Badhrulhisham Abdul Aziz
Economic development is accompanied by the use of an increasingly complex technology, especially in the process of industrialization. The technological threats will cause an unpredictable event such as industrial accident or even the worst scenario, industrial disaster. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to provide an overview linking the literature on how Islam views the objective of development as well as the industrial disaster and safety management system. To our knowledge, most of the studies with regard to disaster and safety management are technical and administrative oriented. The angle of spirituality and religiosity is always being disassociated, especially with what commonly is regarded as worldly affairs. In this paper we tried to discuss what Islam says about industrial disaster and safety of industrial activities and how it relates to Allah׳s commandment. We also highlighted the story about disasters from the Quran in brief and drawn the lessons learned. The risk assessment process relating to safety matter was also discussed alongside the priority (-awlawiyyat) and comparison (-muqaranah) approach. The sources of information are academic articles and books, religion texts, and internet websites. To this end, in order to incorporate the spiritual approach into the industrial disaster and safety management system, the tripartite concepts of vicegerency (-al-istikhlaf), cooperation for righteousness (-al-ta’awun) and consultation (-shura) are introduced.

Implementing a web-based decision support system for disaster logistics: A case study of an evacuation location assessment for Indonesia
Original Research Article
Pages 38-47
Rika Ampuh Hadiguna, Insannul Kamil, Azalika Delati, Richard Reed
Decision support systems have increasingly played a critical role in disaster logistics. This study outlines the processes required to build an effective and reliable decision support system to assess the feasibility of public facilities during an evacuation after a disaster has occurred. The purpose of this study is to build a model of a web-aided decision support system to assess the extent to which public facilities can be used as evacuation centers for the victims of an earthquake and/or tsunami. An outcome from this research is an innovative system with direct web-based accessibility, involves many decision-makers and employs multiple criteria and inputs. Even though the system has been specifically designed for evacuation scenarios in Indonesia, the system can be used for disaster scenarios in other countries as well. There are several stages in this study where the first stage identifies and selects attributes, assembles a comprehensive computer application, and employs object-oriented programming (OOP), verification and validation of the system. The role of information systems and decision support systems are critical when informing decision-makers about evacuation location alternatives and to assess their feasibility immediately after a disaster occurs. The results from this study confirm that this system can provide critical and timely insights into complex evacuation scenarios. An additional benefit of this system is the user-friendly web-based application ensuring data access from any global location with internet access.