EBOLA/EVD and Malaria [to 25 July 2015]

EBOLA/EVD [to 25 July 2015]
Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC); “Threat to international peace and security” (UN Security Council)

Ebola Situation Report – 22 July 2015
[Excerpts]
SUMMARY
:: There were 26 confirmed cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) reported in the week to 19 July: 22 in Guinea and 4 in Sierra Leone. Liberia reported no new cases. For the second consecutive week more than half of all cases were reported from the capitals of Guinea and Sierra Leone, Conakry and Freetown. By contrast, other recent hotspots of transmission such as Boke in Guinea and Kambia in Sierra Leone have now reported no cases for 18 and 9 days, respectively. There are also indications of a continuation of the improvements in contact tracing and case investigation seen in recent weeks, with all but 2 cases arising among registered contacts of previous cases, including all 13 of the cases reported from the Guinean capital Conakry. This is the highest proportion of cases to arise among contacts since the beginning of the outbreak. However, one of the 2 cases reported from Freetown arose from an unknown source of infection, and is considered to represent a high risk of further transmission. In addition, 2 cases, both from Guinea, were identified as EVD-positive only after post-mortem testing of community deaths….

COUNTRIES WITH WIDESPREAD AND INTENSE TRANSMISSION
:: There have been a total of 27 705 reported confirmed, probable, and suspected cases of EVD in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone (figure 1, table 1) up to 19 July, with 11 269 reported deaths (this total includes reported deaths among probable and suspected cases, although outcomes for many cases are unknown). A total of 22 new confirmed cases were reported in Guinea and 4 in Sierra Leone in the week to 19 July…

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Malaria

European Medicines Agency [to 25 July 2015]
http://www.ema.europa.eu/ema/

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First malaria vaccine receives positive scientific opinion from EMA
Mosquirix to be used for vaccination of young children, together with established antimalarial interventions
The European Medicines Agency’s Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) has adopted a positive scientific opinion for Mosquirix (Plasmodium falciparum and hepatitis B vaccine), for use outside the European Union (EU).

The malaria vaccine Mosquirix, also known as RTS,S/AS01, was submitted to EMA under a regulatory procedure (Article 58) that allows EMA to assess the quality, safety and efficacy of a medicine or vaccine and its benefit-risk balance, although it will not be marketed in the EU. This means that EMA can help facilitate access to new medicines for people living outside the EU.

Mosquirix is intended for use in areas where malaria is regularly found, for the active immunisation of children aged 6 weeks to 17 months against malaria caused by the Plasmodium falciparum parasite, and against hepatitis B. After decades of research into malaria vaccinations, Mosquirix is the first vaccine for the disease to be assessed by a regulatory agency.

The CHMP highlighted in its opinion that Mosquirix is for use in line with official recommendations that take into account the risk of Plasmodium falciparum malaria in different geographical areas and available malaria control interventions. These recommendations will be defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) and regulatory authorities in the non-EU countries where the vaccine would be used.

As in all Article 58 procedures, the CHMP worked closely with other experts, including from WHO and regulatory authorities from the relevant countries. In its assessment, the CHMP applied the same rigorous standards as for medicines to be marketed within the EU…

United Nations – Secretary General, Security Council, General Assembly [to 25 July 2015]

United Nations – Secretary General, Security Council, General Assembly [to 25 July 2015]
http://www.un.org/en/unpress/

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Selected Press Releases/Meetings Coverage
24 July 2015
ECOSOC/6720
Opening 2016 Session, Economic and Social Council Adopts Agenda Prioritizing Theme of ‘Moving from Commitments to Results’
Opening the first meeting of its 2016 session today, the Economic and Social Council elected, by acclamation, Oh Joon (Republic of Korea) as its new President and adopted the provisional agenda and working arrangements for its upcoming session.

23 July 2015
SC/11980
‘A Thousand Cuts’ Destroying Two-State Solution, Top United Nations Middle East Envoy Tells Security Council during Quarterly Debate
Calling for decisive action to reverse the growing perception that the two-State solution was dying a death “by a thousand cuts”, the top United Nations Middle East envoy today urged Israeli and Palestinian leaders to engage in a broad political framework with the goal of achieving a final status agreement, during the Security Council’s quarterly open debate on the subject.

21 July 2015
ECOSOC/6717
Adopting 8 Resolutions, 9 Decisions, Economic and Social Council, Continuing Coordination, Management Session, Considers Range of Humanitarian Concerns
The Economic and Social Council continued its coordination and management session today, dealing with a diverse line-up of coordination issues — from support to African countries emerging from conflict, to crime prevention and criminal justice, to broad questions of economic, social and cultural rights, including those for prisoners — and adopting 8 resolutions and 9 decisions, including one text that extended the mandate of its Ad Hoc Advisory Group on Haiti until the conclusion of the 2016 session, in order to promote the Caribbean island’s socioeconomic recovery, reconstruction and stability.

23 July 2015
Note No. 6450
United Nations Awards First-Ever Mandela Prize, Marking Commemorative Day
The United Nations General Assembly will mark Nelson Mandela International Day (18 July) with an informal meeting at Headquarters, including the award of the first-ever UN Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela Prize, on 24 July, recognizing the South African leader’s contributions to democracy, justice and reconciliation and his dedication to the service of humanity.
The two laureates, Dr. Helena Ndume of Namibia and Jorge Fernando Branco Sampaio of Portugal, were officially announced on 22 June by the President of the General Assembly and will be attending the General Assembly meeting on 24 July to receive the Prize. Speakers at the meeting will include the Prime Minister of the Republic of Uganda, Ruhakana Rugunda; General Assembly President Sam Kahamba Kutesa; the United Nations Secretary-General’s Chef de Cabinet, Susana Malcorra; the Permanent Representative of South Africa to the United Nations, Kingsley Mamabolo; and the Reverend Jesse Jackson…

21 July 2015
SG/SM/16958-HR/5263-OBV/1496
Secretary-General, in Message for World Day against Trafficking, Calls on Countries to Fight ‘People for Profit’ Crime

UN OHCHR Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights [to 25 July 2015]

UN OHCHR Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights [to 25 July 2015]
http://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/media.aspx?IsMediaPage=true

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UN rights experts hail Zambia’s move away from death penalty, but warn of “areas of concern” in Africa
Press Releases 7/22/2015

Opening of Hissène Habré trial a milestone for justice in Africa – Zeid
GENEVA (20 July 2015) – UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein on Monday welcomed the opening of the trial of Hissène Habré, the former President of Chad, before a special court in Senegal, calling it “a milestone for justice in Africa.”…

UN OCHA [to 25 July 2015]

UN OCHA [to 25 July 2015]
http://www.unocha.org/media-resources/press-releases

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25 Jul 2015
South Sudan: UN Humanitarian Chief calls for end to fighting in South Sudan
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: South Sudan (Juba, 25 July 2015) – The UN Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Stephen O’Brien, concluded a four-day visit to South Sudan today, calling on all parties to lay down their arms and commit to sustainable peace to halt the rapidly spiralling humanitarian crisis…

24 Jul 2015
Nepal: Three months on many humanitarian needs and challenges remain in Nepal
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Nepal (Kathmandu/Bangkok, 24 July 2015) Three months after the first of the devastating earthquakes hit Nepal, hundreds of thousands of survivors continue to require and rely on urgent humanitarian assistance. Shelter, food and livelihoods support, water and sanitation, medical and psychosocial care, and protection remain top priorities. The cold and damp monsoon weather exposes those affected to further hazards…

23 Jul 2015
occupied Palestinian territory: Humanitarian Coordinator calls on Israel to halt demolition plans in Susiya

22 Jul 2015
Central African Republic: Central African Republic: Humanitarian Coordinator strongly condemns attack against a convoy carrying humanitarian aid to Baboua

20 Jul 2015
Somalia: Somalia Humanitarian Key Messages July 2015

UNICEF [to 25 July 2015]

UNICEF [to 25 July 2015]
http://www.unicef.org/media/media_78364.html

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Selected press release and news notes
Three months on from first Nepal quake, children still at risk
KATHMANDU, Nepal, 25 July 2015 – Three months after Nepal’s April 25 earthquake and its aftershocks, children continue to face multiple risks as their families have been pushed deeper into poverty and they remain in need of aid.

Violence involving children in conflicts has taken a darker turn — UNICEF
NEW YORK, 24 July 2015 – “Millions of children around the world today are caught up in adults’ wars – deliberately killed, injured, raped, abducted. Their schools and homes are being destroyed; they are being denied food, water and health care. Tens of thousands are forced to join armed forces and groups.

Amid conflict in Yemen, UNICEF helps get children back to learning
SANA’A Yemen/GENEVA, July 24, 2015- The ongoing conflict in Yemen is having a devastating impact on the country’s education system – and on the chances of millions of children to access learning.

Water cuts in Aleppo threaten children amid intense heat wave
DAMASCUS, Syria, 22 July 2015 – The restoration of water supplies to the war-torn city of Aleppo has come as a welcome relief to residents whose taps have run dry in recent weeks due to the fighting and frequent power cuts. The disruption to piped water supplies – which in some cases was deliberately implemented by parties to the conflict – increased the risk of water-borne disease especially among children.

IOM / International Organization for Migration [to 25 July 2015]

IOM / International Organization for Migration [to 25 July 2015]
http://www.iom.int/press-room/press-releases

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Selected Press Releases
Displaced Nepal Quake Survivors Move to Larger Sites, But Aid Gaps, Insecurity Persist
07/24/15
Nepal – A new IOM report shows that internally displaced people (IDPs) are consolidating in fewer, larger sites, but important service and security gaps remain.

Aden Displacement Escalates as Yemen Conflict Intensifies
07/24/15
Yemen – As the conflict in the Yemeni seaport of Aden escalates, the number of internally displaced people (IDPs) has increased rapidly during the last three days.

EU, Norway, Germany Back IOM Cash Aid to 16,000 Displaced in Ukraine
07/24/15
Ukraine – IOM is expanding its donor-funded cash assistance programmes in the country to help some of the most vulnerable IDPs.

Iraq Displacement Passes 3.1 Million
07/21/15
Iraq – The latest IOM Iraq Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) has identified more than 3.1 million Iraqis displaced by conflict since the beginning of 2014.

IOM Evacuates Ethiopian Trafficking Victims from Yemen
07/21/15
Ethiopia – IOM has helped 3,478 vulnerable Ethiopian migrants stranded by the conflict in Yemen, including 229 medical cases, to return home.

IOM, Partners Assess Efforts to Combat New Ebola Cases in Sierra Leone
07/21/15
Sierra Leone – Ebola cases have been falling sharply since the start of the year, but the decline has now stalled in Sierra Leone.

Southern Africa Addresses Protection of Unaccompanied Child Migrants
07/21/15
Zimbabwe – IOM, in collaboration with the Government of Zimbabwe, the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Secretariat, UNHCR and UNODC, met in Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe earlier this month for a ministerial Migration Dialogue for Southern Africa (MIDSA) meeting on mixed and irregular migration, with a special focus on the protection of unaccompanied migrant children.

IOM Colombia, Partners Discuss Risks Faced by Child Migrants
07/21/15
Colombia – National and international experts from the Colombian government, international organizations, academia and civil society have met in Bogota to discuss the risks faced by child migrants.

Papua New Guinea, IOM Sign Climate Change and Migration Pact
07/21/15
Papua New Guinea – The consequences of climate change are becoming increasingly evident in the Pacific Region and especially in Papua New Guinea (PNG). Migration caused by changes in the environment is prevalent, but often overlooked. Climate driven migration and resettlement are also emerging as catalysts of tension and conflict with host communities.

IOM Supports CAR Peace Campaign In Bangui
07/21/15
Central African Republic – Since 15 July IOM has been supporting local artists in the Central African Republic (CAR) to kick off a campaign called “Peace Comes from You”. The campaign was rolled out in the conflict-affected 5th District of the capital Bangui and is part of IOM’s European Union-funded Community Stabilization Programme’s social cohesion activities.

UN Women [to 25 July 2015]

UN Women [to 25 July 2015]
http://www.unwomen.org/news/stories

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Selected Press Releases
Financing for development outcome bolsters gender equality
Date : July 24, 2015
At the first of three international meetings which will shape international development, world leaders acknowledged the key role of gender equality in development at the recent Financing for Development Conference in Addis Ababa. At the conference, the Addis Ababa Action Agenda endorsed a global framework that will shape the development cooperation agenda for the next 15 years and provide financing for the Post-2015 Development Agenda, including the standalone, comprehensive and transformative goal on achieving gender equality and women’s empowerment.

UN Women Executive Director: As we move forward, we will seek opportunities to win traction for, and achieve, the deep changes in the global financial architecture
Date : July 23, 2015
Statement by Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, UN Under-Secretary-General and UN Women Executive Director, on the financing for development outcome document following the Third International Conference on Financing for Development, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 13-16 July 2015.