World Drug Report 2015 – UNITED NATIONS OFFICE ON DRUGS AND CRIME

World Drug Report 2015
UNITED NATIONS OFFICE ON DRUGS AND CRIME
Vienna, 2015 :: 162 pages
ISBN: 978-92-1-148282-9 eISBN: 978-92-1-057300-9
Full report: http://www.unodc.org/documents/wdr2015/World_Drug_Report_2015.pdf

Overview
The World Drug Report presents a comprehensive annual overview of the latest developments in the world’s illicit drug markets by focusing on the production, trafficking and consumption of the main types of illicit drugs, along with the related health consequences of those drugs.

Chapter 1 of the World Drug Report 2015 not only provides a global overview of the supply of and demand for opiates, cocaine, cannabis, amphetamine-type stimulants and new psychoactive substances, as well as their impact on health, but also provides a review of the scientific evidence on approaches to preventing drug use and addresses general principles for effective responses to treatment for drug use.

Chapter 2 examines how alternative development, within the broader context of the development agenda, is aimed at breaking the vicious cycle of illicit crop cultivation by providing farmers with alternative livelihoods.

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Press Release
2015 World Drug Report finds drug use stable, access to drug & HIV treatment still low
UNODC Chief calls number of drug-related deaths worldwide unacceptable; Global opium cultivation highest since the late-1930s

Vienna, 26 June 2015 – Drug use prevalence continues to be stable around the world, according to the 2015 World Drug Report of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). It is estimated that a total of 246 million people – slightly over 5 per cent of those aged 15 to 64 years worldwide – used an illicit drug in 2013. Some 27 million people are problem drug users, almost half of whom are people who inject drugs (PWID). An estimated 1.65 million of people who inject drugs were living with HIV in 2013. Men are three times more likely than women to use cannabis, cocaine and amphetamines, while women are more likely to misuse prescription opioids and tranquillizers.

Speaking on the International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking, UNODC Executive Director Yury Fedotov noted that, although drug use is stable around the world, only one out of six problem drug users has access to treatment. “Women in particular appear to face barriers to treatment – while one out of three drug users globally is a woman, only one out of five drug users in treatment is a woman.” Additionally, Mr Fedotov stated that more work needed to be done to promote the importance of understanding and addressing drug dependence as a chronic health condition which, like other chronic conditions such as diabetes or hypertension, require long-term, sustained treatment and care. “There is no quick and simple remedy for drug dependence and we need to invest in long term, medical evidence-based solutions.”

Drug use and its impact on health
A stable yet still unacceptably high number of drug users worldwide continue to lose their lives prematurely, the UNODC Chief said, with an estimated 187,100 drug-related deaths in 2013. The World Drug Report includes data – gathered jointly with UNAIDS, WHO and the World Bank – on HIV prevalence among PWID. In some countries women who inject drugs are more vulnerable to HIV infection than men and the prevalence of HIV can be higher among women who inject drugs than among their male counterparts. The number of new HIV infections among PWID declined by roughly 10 per cent between 2010 and 2013: from an estimated 110,000 to 98,000. However, the World Drug Report also indicates that many risk factors, including the transmission of infectious diseases such as HIV and Hepatitis C and the incidences of drug overdoses, cause the death rate among PWID to be 15 times higher than in the rest of the population….

Alternative Development as a long-term strategy against illicit crops
The 2015 World Drug Report thematic focus is on Alternative Development, a long-term strategy aimed at developing alternative sources of income for farmers dependent on illicit drug cultivation. This activity is driven by many factors, including marginalization, the lack of security, and the social and political situations of rural communities. Alternative Development aims to reduce these vulnerabilities and ultimately eliminate the cultivation of illicit drugs. More than 40 years of experience have shown that this approach works when there is a long-term vision, adequate funding, and the political support to integrate it into a broader development and governance agenda. Marketing licit products, land tenure and the sustainable management and use of land are crucial to the long-term success of alternative development interventions.

“Unfortunately, this year’s World Drug Report also shows that widespread political support for Alternative Development has not been matched by funding,” Mr Fedotov added, as he urged for shared responsibility against illicit drugs. Funding allocated by OECD countries to support Alternative Development declined by 71 per cent between 2009 and 2013, amounting to only 0.1 per cent of global development assistance. UNODC’s Executive Director noted that in the lead up to next year’s UN General Assembly Special Session on the world drug problem, the international community’s post-2015 Development Agenda can help to promote Alternative Development efforts, with broader interventions addressing drug supply and demand.
:: UNODC Executive Director’s statement on World Drug Day

EBOLA/EVD ; MERS-CoV [to 27 June 2015]

EBOLA/EVD [to 27 June 2015]
Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC); “Threat to international peace and security” (UN Security Council)

WHO: Ebola Situation Report – 24 June 2015
[Excerpts]
SUMMARY
:: There were 20 confirmed cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) reported in the week to 21 June, compared with 24 cases the previous week. Weekly case incidence has stalled at between 20 and 27 cases since the end of May, whilst cases continue to arise from unknown sources of infection, and to be detected only after post-mortem testing of community deaths. In Guinea, 12 cases were reported from the same 4 prefectures as reported cases in the previous week: Boke, Conakry, Dubreka, and Forecariah. In Sierra Leone, 8 cases were reported from 3 districts: Kambia, Port Loko, and the district that includes the capital, Freetown, which reported :: Although cases have been reported from the same 4 prefectures in Guinea for the past 3 weeks, the area of active transmission within those prefectures has changed, and in several instances has expanded…

COUNTRIES WITH WIDESPREAD AND INTENSE TRANSMISSION
:: There have been a total of 27,443 reported confirmed, probable, and suspected cases of EVD in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone (figure 1, table 1), with 11207 reported deaths (this total includes reported deaths among probable and suspected cases, although outcomes for many cases are unknown). A total of 12 new confirmed cases were reported in Guinea and 8 in Sierra Leone in the 7 days to 21 June. The outbreak in Liberia was declared over on 9 May…
MERS-CoV [to 27 June 2015]
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Republic of Korea
Disease outbreak news
23 June 2015
Situation in Korea
Between 20 and 23 June 2015, the National IHR Focal Point of the Republic of Korea notified WHO of 9 additional confirmed cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) alongside 3 additional deaths…
…WHO remains vigilant and is monitoring the situation. Given the lack of evidence of sustained human-to-human transmission in the community, WHO does not recommend travel or trade restrictions with regard to this event. Raising awareness about MERS-CoV among travellers to and from affected countries is good public health practice.

United Nations – Secretary General, Security Council, General Assembly [to 27 June 2015]

United Nations – Secretary General, Security Council, General Assembly   [to 27 June 2015]
http://www.un.org/en/unpress/

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Selected Press Releases/Meetings Coverage
26 June 2015
ECOSOC/6703
Opening Session, High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development Focuses on Role in Reviewing Implementation of Post-2015 Agenda
The High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development began its 2015 annual session today, with a focus on its role in reviewing the implementation of the post-2015 development agenda.

26 June 2015
SC/11946
In Face of Burundi Election Unrest, Security Council Calls for Urgent Dialogue among All Parties
Expressing concern over what it called grave threats to security in Burundi as elections approached, the Security Council this afternoon called for the urgent holding of inclusive dialogue between parties there to create the conditions — and determine an appropriate schedule — for peaceful and credible polls.

26 June 2015
SG/SM/16880-OBV/1490-ORG/1605
‘The Charter is Our Compass’, Secretary-General says at Anniversary Event
Following are UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s remarks, as prepared for delivery, at a ceremony commemorating the seventieth anniversary of the adoption of the Charter of the United Nations, in San Francisco today.

25 June 2015
SG/SM/16871
Business Must Be ‘Force for Good’, Catalyst for Responsible Sustainable Development, Secretary-General Tells Global Compact Anniversary Event
Following are UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s remarks to the “Global Compact+15: Business as a Force for Good” event, in New York today.

25 June 2015
SG/SM/16872
Secretary-General, at Kathmandu Conference, Pledges United Nations Support for Nepal’s Post-Earthquake Reconstruction Efforts
Following is the text of UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s video message to the International Conference on Nepal’s reconstruction, in Kathmandu on 25 June.

23 June 2015
SG/SM/16868-HR/5259-OBV/1488
Secretary-General Commends Passage of Resolution Rendering 19 June International Day for Elimination of Sexual Violence in Conflict

22 June 2015
SG/SM/16864-SG/A/1578
Secretary-General Appoints Independent Review Panel on UN Response to Allegations of Sexual Abuse by Foreign Military Forces in Central African Republic

UN OHCHR Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights [to 27 June 2015]

UN OHCHR Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights [to 27 June 2015]
http://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/media.aspx?IsMediaPage=true

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Trauma of torture victims should not be overlooked amid migration challenges, UN experts remind States
6/24/2015
Committee against Torture; Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture and Other Cruel Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment of the Committee against Torture; Fund for Victims of Torture; Sp. Rapporteur on torture

The Human Rights Council holds general debate on human rights situations requiring its attention
6/24/2015
Human Rights Council

‘They know they will be exploited during their journey’ – New UN report on human trafficking
6/24/2015
Special Rapporteur on trafficking in persons especially women and children

SRSG/CAAC Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict [to 27 June 2015]

SRSG/CAAC Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict [to 27 June 2015]
https://childrenandarmedconflict.un.org/virtual-library/press-release-archive/

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25 Jun 2015
Children bear brunt of conflict in Afghanistan, says third country report on children and armed conflict
24 Jun 2015
Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict pledges support for Safe Schools Declaration and Guidelines

UN OCHA [to 27 June 2015]

UN OCHA [to 27 June 2015]
http://www.unocha.org/media-resources/press-releases

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26 Jun 2015
Nepal: Food Security: Nepal Earthquake Cluster Brief, June 2015
An estimated 1.4 million people need food assistance in 11 priority districts. Food security has deteriorated in all affected areas particularly in remote mountain communities where close to 70 per cent of households has poor or borderline food consumption – nearly 50 per cent have poor diet diversity. In some areas, 85 per cent reported reducing food portion sizes…

26 Jun 2015
Nepal: Logistics: Nepal Earthquake Cluster Brief, June 2015
As of 19 June, 8,733 metric tons of humanitarian cargo has been processed by the Logistics Cluster on behalf of 110 UN agencies, INGOs and NGOs. Over 9,320 m2 of storage capacity is available for the humanitarian community in logistics centres strategically established across the country.

25 Jun 2015
Yemen: Under Secretary-General Stephen O’Brien Remarks to the press on Yemen, Berlin/New York, 25 June 2015

25 Jun 2015
Yemen: UN Emergency Fund releases $25 million to support critical aid operations in Yemen

25 Jun 2015
Burundi: OCHA/UNHCR Joint Donor and Partner Briefing: Burundi Crisis and the Regional Humanitarian Scenario for Great Lakes and Horn of Africa, 17 June 2015

25 Jun 2015
Nepal: Two months on 2.8 million Nepalese still require vital humanitarian assistance
(Kathmandu/Bangkok, 25 June 2015) Two months after the first of the two devastating earthquakes hit Nepal, some 2.8 million of the people affected continue to require vital humanitarian assistance. Temporary shelter, food and livelihoods support, basic medical care, sanitation and hygiene, and protection remain the key needs as survivors now also face the added challenges posed by damp and cold weather.

25 Jun 2015
Nepal: Nutrition: Nepal Earthquake Cluster Brief, June 2015
An estimated 404,000 children under age-5 and 185,000 Pregnant and Lactating Women (PLWs) are at risk of acute malnutrition. Based on projected calculations from the health management information system, up to 10,000 children 6 to 59 months will suffer from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in the coming months and similarly around 70,000 (boys and girls) under age-5 will suffer from moderate…

25 Jun 2015
Nepal: Protection: Nepal Earthquake Cluster Brief, June 2015
Priority protection concerns include ensuring non-discriminatory access to humanitarian assistance and protection services for all affected people and targeted protection responses for persons with specific needs, including women, children, person with disabilities, the elderly, ethnic minorities and marginalized communities, who are at risk of exclusion.

25 Jun 2015
Nepal: Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH): Nepal Earthquake Cluster Brief, June 2015
The destruction of water systems across 14 districts has left around 1.1 million people without access to protected water sources. With significant damage to housing and other assets, some 3 million people require hygiene assistance – thousands of people remain in displacement sites requiring temporary water supply and sanitation services.

25 Jun 2015
Nepal: Shelter: Nepal Earthquake Cluster Brief, June 2015
Hundreds of thousands of families are still living beneath tarps, rudimentary shelters or in unsafe damaged buildings. With the heavy monsoon rains soon to begin, only 21 per cent of households feel that they are prepared. An increasing number of families have also begun the process of building back permanent homes using salvaged materials but are also in need of additional supplies